Differences of SMA and RP-SMA Connector FPV Antenna

SMA and RP-SMA connectors are widely used in FPV transmitter and receiver systems, it’s important to understand the differences. The gender of SMA and RP-SMA connectors are just as confusing.

Some people find it difficult to get their heads around the different types. Even manufacturers could sometimes get it wrong.

Article first created in Jan 2014, Last Updated in Aug 2016.

Differences of RP-SMA and SMA Antenna Connectors

SMA stands for Sub-Miniature Version A. These are coaxial RF connectors developed in the 1960s.

RP-SMA stands for Reverse Polarity SMA). It is a variation of the SMA connector which reverses the gender of the interface.

There is no difference with video/signal quality between these connectors, but you’ll read further down why we even have these 2 different types. Generally speaking, SMA appears to be more popular choice of connector especially in the mini quad (racing drone) industry.

Here is a comparison table of the SMA antenna and RP-SMA antenna connectors.

Female SMA

Male SMA

sma-jack sma-plug

Female SMA connectors have a female contact body (ground) and a female inner hole sleeve contact (signal).

Male SMA is opposite to the Femaile SMA.

Female RP-SMA

Male RP-SMA

rp-sma-jack rp-sma-plug

Female RP-SMA connectors have a female contact body (ground) and a male inner pin contact (signal).

A male RP-SMA connector is the opposite in both respects — male body (inside threads) with a female inner sleeve contact.

For most of us, it would take some time to get to know which was which off the top of our heads. For those who are still getting used to remembering them, an SMA antenna basically has the pin in the middle while the RP-SMA antenna is the exact opposite with a small hole in the centre. It’s not that hard so I’m not coming up with a nursery rhyme to remember it like some others do. :-)

Removing/Changing Connectors

Many will often replace the connector with the ones they prefer or may choose to add a “pigtail”extension” on the video transmitter to save the components from breaking off.

Whether you are just adding a pigtail or directly soldering the antenna to the VTX, the same steps apply to both. This is a very useful trick and quite easy to do with a bit of soldering skill.

For replacing RP-SMA to SMA or vice versa (on video transmitter), simply cut off the bulk of the connector with some wire cutters or dremel cutting wheel, and use your iron to remove the remaining little legs off the VTX surface. If you’re really handy with an iron or have a heat gun, you can remove it without needing to cut anything off.

An important thing to keep in mind is that an antenna coaxial cable is made up of a ground shielding and signal wire. The ground shielding is the conductive outer layer of the antenna and is used as a shield to help keep interference and RF voodoo magic in line. The signal line runs inside along the middle separated from the ground shielding by a silicone or plastic layer. Do not just solder one end to the other, ground must connect to ground and signal to signal.

When doing the pigtail mod

  • Cut off the end you don’t need and strip back approximately 3-5mm of the outer coating exposing the first ground shield layer
  • Pull the few mm of ground wires back to expose the middle section of the cable
  • Strip just the tip of the signal coating about 1mm to expose just the tip of the signal wire
  • Tin both the ground and signal separately, you can split the ground into 2/3/4 separate strands depending on how many ground pads there are to solder to.
  • Be sure there is enough length so the grounds won’t touch the signal wire; Be sure to note which pins/pads are the grounds and the signal
  • Solder the signal first to the corresponding pad (usually the centre pad) and then start soldering on the surrounding grounds.
  • Last step is to find a suitable place for the connector, most usually mount it to the frame away from the receiver antenna on the quad. Voila, a crash proof VTX connector!

VTX’s that come with pigtail

If you’re not so handy with the soldering iron or don’t even want to consider such a task, there are many vendors out there now that sell VTX’s with pigtails already installed or have a variety of mounting and connector options to suit your builds.

UFL Connectors

There are also some new products out that use what’s called an UFL connector. If you’re familiar with Frsky or similar type antennas for the receivers then you will know what these are. They are a lot smaller in size, and aren’t as solid as a standard SMA/RPSMA connector. But in the never-ending search for shaving weight, this may also be a great choice. Current options with this type of connector including the TBS Unify Pro HV and the Immersion Tramp HV.

Some Interesting History about the RP-SMA Connectors

The intent behind creating RP-SMA was to comply with specific local regulations. The manufacturers had to make a new non-standard antenna connector for their WiFi devices that was hard to find replacements for (as they were all regular SMA before that), to prevent consumers from connecting antennas with gain and therefore breach compliance (from Wikipedia). So they just simply swapped the locations of the centre pin and hole between the male and female connectors.

The term “reverse polarity” here basically means the change of gender. It might confuse those who are not WiFi engineers, as polarity elsewhere in radio frequency literature can refer to the electromagnetic polarity, not to a change of gender.

Hopefully this helps clear up the differences and provides some useful tips. If you have any suggestions or comments please leave them below. Thanks for reading and happy flying!

15 thoughts on “Differences of SMA and RP-SMA Connector FPV Antenna

  1. Patrik

    Hey Oscar.

    I am citing your articles in my final paper I’m doing about (quad)copter Racing. So I just wanted to ask where you source your information form and if there is anywhere I can check those out? They’re really nitpicky about citing and stuff, so while I believe you are a trustworthy source with a lot of knowledge it would still be beneficial to know how you know this stuff.

    Thanks.

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      the info are mostly from what i learned on various forums (probably involves hundreds of posts), and talking to many people in the hobby lol :)
      some info are from wikipedia, so that would probably be the only possible place I can cite

      Reply
  2. Snebajer1

    So, to remember, SMA is like mainstream sex (no offence intended):
    The female part has a hole and the male part has a pin and wraps around the female.
    Makes sense….

    Reply
  3. Thai

    Hi Oscar,

    great blog and vids man! Just wondering if you had any signal decrease due to an rp-sma extension cable?

    Cheers,
    Thai

    Reply
  4. mike

    Sooo… i ordered sma male antenna and my fpv goggle need sma male, can u use the sma male to rp sma female to get a connection, just the stinger right? For that matter put a stinger in the sma female to bridge the connection, hmmmmm

    Reply
  5. Jesse

    Hi, I like the info but I believe there is a mistake. I work in the plumbing industry and deal with male and female threads all day and I believe you have them mixed up. Short of a lesson in the birds and the bees, but a male thread goes inside a female thead. So the male body has the outside threads and the female has the inside thead.

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      I don’t think I have. Google image of each thread and you will find they match my description.

      Reply
    2. Nathan

      Hi Oscar.

      The ‘male/female’ of SMA connectors refers to the pin gender, not the thread, so in the case of normal SMA connectors you have it spot on.

      However I’m not sure if RP SMA connector genders are swapped because of this, or if they just keep the gender of their original SMA counterparts.

      Reply
  6. Daniel

    I believe it was meant as a compliment. As in the only web addresses in his browser history are pages from your incredibly informative site. However I could be wrong.

    Reply

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