Occasionally ESC signal wire is wrapped around a little doughnut ring, for example on the Hobbyking 30A ESC. So What does the ring do and is it necessary?
Published on 14/02/2014, last edited on 04/05/2016.
What is Ferrite Ring and What does it Do?
This mysterious ring is called ferrite ring or ferrite bead. It is used on ESC to reduce noise caused by the long signal lead. ESC signal leads can behave like an antenna and picks up all sorts of noise, the longer the worse it gets. By using a ferrite ring, it suppresses both conducted and radiated noise and interference. Don’t forget noise can also potentially come from power supply and BEC which may cause issues as well.
So how does it work? The ring is basically an inductor which adds inductance to the wire and substantially reduces the ability of the wire to act as a noise receptor within a small band of frequencies. However to make the most of it, you really need to know which band of frequencies you are trying to suppress, as the ferrite bead are designed to attenuate noise in different ranges of frequencies.
So is the Ferrite Ring Necessary? How to use it?
If your ESC doesn’t come with a Ferrite Ring, then don’t worry about it. That means the manufacturer has probably done enough testing to ensure it’s not needed.
However if your ESC comes with a ferrite ring, then you better keep it. You might get away with it not using one, but one day if you have an unexplained crash, and you probably know why.
The more wraps round the ring, the more inductance it creates. I normally see 3 to 5 wraps on the ESC if there is a ring come with it.
Place it closer to the ESC for more effective result.