Complete Mini Quad Parts List – FPV Quadcopter Component Choice

In this post I compiled a list of parts and brands for FPV mini quadcopters, that runs 5″ or 6″ propellers (aka Racing Drones). It’s an awesome time-saver for your research of next mini quad build, and keeps you updated on all amazing parts .

The Almost Complete 250 Mini Quad Parts List

New products are added on a monthly basis, so make sure you come back to check regularly. I will try my best to maintain and keep this list up to date, if you spot any missing products that worth mentioning, please let me know on this forum section.

New products are added to the bottom of the list. I also remove parts that no longer available.

When it comes to picking parts for your mini quadcopter, it’s not easy as some components are closely related to each other. By choosing one component might change the requirement for another component.

For 150-180 size micro/mini quad (running 3″ and 4″ propellers), check out this parts list.

Updates History

  • Dec 2014 – Created this article
  • May 2015 – Some edit
  • Nov 2015 – Some edit
  • Mar 206 – Added 20+ new products
  • Aug 2016 – Added 100+ new products; Removed 30+ obsolete products
  • Feb 2016 – Added 70+ new products; Removed 10+ obsolete products

Frame – Mini Quad Parts List

A good frame should be crash resistant, rigid, easy to build and have well thought-out design. By carefully choosing a reliable frame can give you an enjoyable building experience, keep your downtime to the minimum, and save you money getting replacement parts. It does not only protect your electronics inside, but it’s also closely related to flight performance.

Here are a list of popular racing drone frames, from the cheapest, to the more expensive ones. Some frames might not appear in this list, or get removed if they are out of stock for a long time. There is information about price, material (arm thickness), size, and weight.

Name/Size Image Price Material/Arm Thickness Weight Review URL Builds
FPV250 fpv250-bare-frame $10 Nylon 110g
FPV250 + Cage FPV250V3-LH-Low-Hung $17 Nylon, Fibre Glass 160g Oscar, RCG Oscar
Lisam LS-210 Lisam LS-210 mini quad frame $18 Carbon Fiber 100g
Martian II 220 MartianⅡ 220 mini quad frame $26 4mm CF 120g
ZMR250 carbon_fibre_250_mini_quad_frame_side $31 Carbon Fiber 145g Oscar, RCG Oscar
Realacc X210 $27 4mm CF 88g
Realacc X210 Pro $34 4mm CF 96g
PeasantCopter 270 PeasantCopter Mini Quad Frame Plywood - assembly top plates $38 Plywood 170g Oscar
X-Speed FPV280 MH-AR-xsp280-fpv280 mini quad frame $40 3mm CF & Plastic 210g
EMAX250 NightHawk frame-emax250-mini-quad $46 Glass, Carbon Fiber Mix 190g lolFPV
GEPRC GEP210 GEPRC FPV GEP210 mini quad frame $49 3mm CF 98g
TSX220 TSX 250 Tom Staton Mini Quad Frame $52 Carbon Fiber 114g
ZMR250 V2 ZMR250-v2-mini-quad-frame-front $59 Carbon Fibre 185g Oscar Oscar
Arris X-Speed arris-x-speed-250-mini-quad-frame-front $55 Carbon Fiber 161g Oscar Oscar
Rotoracer RR210 Rotoracer RR210 mini quad Frame assembled side $57 carbon fiber 98g
Tweaker 5″ 220 tweaker-5-mini quad frame $65 4mm CF 136g
Mixuko 5 shendrones-mixuko-mitsuko-mini quad frame $70 Carbon Fiber 79g
Loki-X5 199 Loki X5 mini quad frame $70 4mm CF 58g
Ragg-E WBX 205 RaGG-e WBX 5 Mini Quad build fpv camera cage top $72 HDPE 152g Oscar
Lumenier QAV210 CHARPU Lumenier QAV210 CHARPU mini quad frame $75 Carbon Fiber 91g
Mako 225 mako mini quad frame $75 4mm CF 101g
Xhover R5X Xhover R5X xhover mini quad frame $75 3mm CF 82g
ZUUL Racehound V2 Zuul Racehound V2 mini quad frame $75 3mm CF 130g
AP5 220 AP-5 FPV mini quad frame $80 4mm CF 130g
Morphite V2 224 morphite-v2 armattan mini quad frame $80 CF unknown
MXP200B MXP200B xhover mini quad frame $80 4mm CF 90g
DemonRC Fury $80 4mm CF 80g
EpiQuad 210X EpiQuad 210X mini quad frame $83 4mm CF unknown
WarpQuad warpquad mini quad frame $80-$150 4mm CF n/a
Krieger 200 mini-quad-krieger-225 X Quadcopter $90 Carbon Fiber 104g
Lumenier QAV250 frame - Luminier QAV250 mini quad $90 G10 145g YT sanderw
QAV-X 214 QAV-X mini quad frame $90 4mm CF 93g Artur
Skitzo Dark Matter $90 4mm CF 96g
Armadillo 223 Armadillo Armattan mini quad frame $92 4mm CF 109g Biggles
Chameleon $95 4mm CF 118g
Dquad Obsession $100 4mm CF 94g
DemonRC NOX5 DEMON NOX5 FPV Mini Quad FRAME $105 Carbon Fiber 83g Oscar
Orca 215 orca shendrone mini quad frame $100 4mm CF 99g
MQC Fusion 210 MQC-FUSION mini quad frame $100 3mm CF 124g
MQC X 185 MQC-X-mini quad frame $100 3mm CF 89g
Xhover Element 5 Xhover Element 5 inch FPV FRAME $106 Carbon Fiber 102g
ImpulseRC Alien impulserc-alien-mini-quad-frame-5-210 $109 Carbon Fiber 125g
Armantan F1-5 Armattan F1-5 mini quad frame $110 Carbon Fiber 142g
QAV-R 210 QAV-R mini quad frame $115 4mm CF 99g
Speed Addict 210-R speed addict 210 mini quad frame side $120 Carbon Fiber 02g Oscar
Sparrow R4 sparrow-mini-quad-frame $120 Carbon Fiber 225g
MXP230 Elite V2 frame-MXP230-carbon-fiber-mini-quad $140 Carbon Fiber 150g
Stigg 195 stigg mini quad frame $145 CF & Aluminium 120g
Blackout Mini H 220 frame - Blackout Mini H quad $150 Carbon Fiber 123g Bruce
VDQ250 Carbon frame-VDQ250 Carbon Pro Edition mini quad $155 Carbon Fiber 141g Strato
Helix ZX5 200 helix zx5 mini quad frame $199 4mm CF 58g

Flight Controller

The standard size of racing mini quad flight controllers are 36mm x 36mm (30.5mm mounting holes). Here is a list of flight controllers that are known to work well with mini quads. For a more detail comparison chart, check out this post about how to choose flight controller, and read about the difference of F1 and F3 boards.

Firmware

For majority of the FC’s run Cleanflight and Betaflight (F1, F3 and F4). Raceflight is mainly run on F4, although it does support F3 as well. Kiss FC runs Flyduino’s own firmware, and it’s recently supported by Betaflight.

BrainFPV RE1 FC runs dRonin which is a fork of OpenPilot (LibrePilot) like Taulabs, however it now supports Betaflight too.

Name / MCU Picture Price Features & comment Review URL
Naze32 Rev5 Acro F1 naze32 $25 The most popular F1 FC, but outdated not recommended Oscar
Naze32 Rev5 Full F1 Naze32_front $50 Same as Naze32 acro, with extra mag/baro sensors. Outdated.
Naze32 Rev6 F1 naze32-rev6-flight controller-fc $20 MPU6500, Built-in SBUS Inverter
CC3D F1 cc3d $32 Intro, RCG
Flip32 F1 flip32 $25 Clone of Naze32, a little cheaper
Mini APM mini-flight-controller-apm $40 Minature version of APM FC DIYDrones
BrainFPV F4 flight-controller-brainfpv $130 Built-in OSD, only runs Taulabs software Oscar
Serious Pro Racing SPRacing F3 seriously-pro-racing-f3-flight-controller-spracing-fc-top $65 Designed by Cleanflight Developer
Motolab Tornado F3 motolab-tornado-fc-flight-controller $29
RMRC Seriously Dodo F3 RMRC-DODO-FC-flight-controller-f3 $50
Revo F4 cc3d-revo-revolution-f4-flight-controller-fc $57
Sparky V2 F4 sparky_v2_flight-controller-fc n/a
KISS FC F3 KISS FC - 32bit Flight Controller mini quad $35 Runs ustom FC firmware by Flyduino Oscar
SPRacing F3 Mini SPRACINGF3 MINI FC - seriously pro racing f3 flight controller $60
Skyline32+OSD FC EMAX Skyline32+OSD Flight controller FC $30 integrated OSD Oscar
XRacer XRacer F3 FC $30 MPU6000 with SPI IntoFPV
TBS Powercube F3 TBS Powercube F3 FC $140+ ESC/PDB integrated stack
Motolab Cyclone F3 Motolab Cyclone F3 FC $37
Singularity F3 Singularity F3 FC $69 Built-in VTX
SPRacing EVO F3 SPRacing EVO F3 FC $37 Oscar
Piko BLX F3 Piko BLX FC top $39 Integrated PDB, small size – 26x26mm Oscar
Kombini Kombini F3 FC $49 Integrated PDB Oscar
BrainFPV RE1 F4 BrainFPV RE1 F4 FC $79 Integrated OSD, only support dRonin software
Chickadee Polystack F3/F4 Chickadee Polystack F3 F4 FC $100+ Stackable modular FC system Oscar
DTFc F3 DTFc F3 FC $45 Integrated PDB
Sirin FC F3 sirin-fc-flight-controller $99 Built-in VTX, OSD, MicroSD
Motolab Tempest F3 MOTOLAB TEMPEST FC $40 Integrated PDB
Rotoracer Racebase F3 rotoracer_f3-fc_racebase $55 Integrated OSD, BEC, video filter
BG AIO v1.1 F3 $23 Integrated OSD, SD card logger
Racecube F3 $66 Integrated OSD, RX, ESC, PDB, logger, Buzzer
BG AIO v4 F3 $53 One board, integrated VTX, OSD, PDB
Radiance F3 $30 5V/12V output Oscar
Betaflight F3 $43 Integrated PDB, OSD, designed by Boris B Oscar
Revolt F4 $40 Official Raceflight FC Jimmy
Omnibus F4 $40 MPU6000, SD card logger, designed for BF
Soul F4 $44
Rotorgeeks SSD F3 $33 SD logger
LUX V2 F3 $40 MPU6000, SD logger

Motors

Motor is a major decision when building a mini quad, it is one of the the main factors that determines your quadcopter’s speed, flight time and performance. There are just as many options as mini quadcopter frames if not more. These motors have been selected as they all run 5 or 6 inch propellers.

Motor Name /Size KV Picture Weight Max.Thrust/g(cell:[email protected]) Price Test Data
EMAX Cooling 2204 2300 KV emax-cooling-mt2204-2300kv-motor-mini-quad 25g 390 (3S : 5040 @ 8.4A)
510 (4S : 5040 @ 10.7A)
620 (4S : 6045 @ 15.7A)
$18
EMax MT2204 2300 KV EMAX 25g 380 (3S : 5030 @ 7.7A)
413 (3S : 5040 @ 8.9A)
579 (3S : 6045 @ 14.8A)
$16 Fyathyrio
MultiStar 2206 2150 KV Motor-MultiStar 30g 380 (3S : 5030 @ 7.9A)
460 (3S : 6030 @ 9.4A)
610 (4S : 5040 @ 13.8A)
$15 Baby Beast
DYS BE 1806 2300 KV Motor-DYS 18g 415 (3S : 5030 @ 9.0A)
485 (3S : 6030 @ 10.2A)
580 (3S : 6045 @ 16.1A)
$15 Mustang,Fyathyrio
MultiStar 2204 2300 KV Motor-MultiStar 24g 812 (4S : 5045BN @ 17.2A)
814 (4S : 5040×3 @ 18.2A)
$16
FPVModel 2206 2000 KV fpvmodel-MC2206-motor-package-quadcopter-multirotor 33g 586 (3S : 6030 @ 9.0A)
570 (4S : 5030 @ 10A)
840 (4S : 6045 @ 21A)
$16 Oscar
Cobra 2204 2300 KV cobra-2204-1960 25g 436 (3S : 5030 @ 8.6A)
559 (3S : 6030 @ 11.0A)
$21 McGinnis
Cobra 2204 1960 KV cobra-2204 23g 330 (3S : 5030 @ 5.7A)
533 (4S : 5030 @ 8.1A)
587 (4S : 5040 @ 11.2A)
$21 Oscar
SunnySky X2204 2300 KV Motor-SunnySky 21g 442 (3S : 5030 @ 8.5A)
539 (3S : 6030 @ 10.0A)
$23 RCG
Cobra 2206 2100KV cobra 37g Pending $26
Cobra CM2208 2000 KV Motor-Cobra 44g 579 (3S : 6030 @ 9.6A)
912 (4S : 6030 @ 14.4A)
1153 (4S : 6045 @ 22.7A)
$26 foobar
Xnova 2204 2300KV Xnova 29g 1090 (4S : 5045BN @ 22.8A)
1134 (4S : 5040×3 @ 24.7A)
$25
Xnova 2206 2000KV Xnova 36g Pending $27
EMAX RS2205 2300KV EMAX 30g 1069 (4S : 5045BN @ 22.7A)
1167 (4S : 5045×3 @ 25.4A)
$16 Oscar
EMAX RS 2205 2600KV emax rs2205 2600kv motor review 30g 1282 (4S : 5045BN @ 28.8A)
1357 (4S : 5040×3 @ 32.4A)
$16 Oscar
EMAX MT2204 2300KV EMAX 25g Pending $16
EMAX MT2205 II 2300KV EMAX 29g Pending $18
Lumenier RB2204 SKITZO 2500KV Lumenier 22g 989 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.4A)
991 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.3A)
$29
Scorpion M-2205 2350KV Scorpion 31g Pending $25
DYS SE2205 2300KV dys 30g 1066 (4S : 5045BN @ 22.5A)
1164 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.7A)
$20
ZMX 2205 V2 2300KV ZMX n/a 1109 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.5A)
1167 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.7A)
n/a
Cobra Champion 2205 2300KV cobra champion 2205 motor 30g 1161 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.8A)
1229 (4S : 5040×3 @ 27.4A)
$23
DYS SE2008 2300KV DYS-SE2008-2550KV-Motors 33g 1255 (4S : 5045BN @ 27.4A)
1328 (4S : 5040×3 @ 31.2A)
$18 Oscar
Edge R2204 2300KV Edge R2204 2300kv motor 26.5g 994 (4S : 5045BN @ 20.4A)
1031 (4S : 5040×3 @ 23.1A)
$18
Gemfan RT2205 2300KV Gemfan RT2205 motor 31.5g 1150 (4S : 5045BN @ 24.6A)
1218 (4S : 5040×3 @ 27.9A)
$21
LDPower 2206 2200KV LDPower FR2206 2200kv motor 30g 1108 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.4A)
1179 (4S : 5040×3 @ 26.4A)
$13
Lumenier RX2205 2400KV Lumenier RX2205 motor 24g 1013 (4S : 5045BN @ 21.2A)
1037 (4S : 5040×3 @ 24.4A)
$26
RCINPower GT2205 2300KV RCINPower GT2205 motor 30g 1097 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.6A)
1169 (4S : 5040×3 @ 26.1A)
$19
RCTimer FR2205 2300KV RCTimer FR2205 motor 29g 1134 (4S : 5045BN @ 22.8A)
1190 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.0A)
$14
RCX SE2205 2400KV 40g 1050 (4S : 5045BN @ 22.6A)
1091 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.1A)
$15
Rebel Pro 2206 2600kv Rebel Pro 2206 motor pending 1168 (4S : 5045BN @ 24.1A)
1257 (4S : 5040×3 @ 27.6A)
$35
Storm M2205 2350KV Storm M2205 motor 25g 1096 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.3A)
1127 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.8A)
$23
T-Motor F40 V2 2300KV T-Motor F40 II motor 27g 1041 (4S : 5045BN @ 21.1A)
1088 (4S : 5040×3 @ 21.8A)
$20
T-Motor F40 V2 2500KV T-Motor F40 II motor 27g 1117 (4S : 5045BN @ 25.1A)
1165(4S : 5040×3 @ 27A)
$20
T-Motor F60 V2 2450KV T-Motor F60 II motor 33g 1230 (4S : 5045BN @ 25.8A)
1400 (4S : 5040×3 @ 32.0A)
$26
T-Motor F40 II 2400KV
2600KV
t-motor f40ii-2400kv motor 28g Pending $25
XNova Hypersonic 2300KV
2600KV
XNova Hypersonic motor 2205 30g 1153 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.9A)
1208 (4S : 5040×3 @ 29.4A)
$29
Tornado T1 2205 2300KV brotherhobby-tornado-t1-2205-2600kv-motor-feature 29.5g 1152 (4S : 5045BN @ 23.8A)
1223 (4S : 5040×3 @ 27.7A)
$25
Lumenier RX2206 2350KV lumenier-rx2206-13-2000kv-motor 27g 986 (4S : 5045BN @ 19.1A)
1050(4S : 5040×3 @ 21.6A)
$25
EMAX TS2306 2300KV emax ts2306 motor 34g 1200 (4S : 5045BN @ 25.4A)
1295 (4S : 5040×3 @ 30.0A)
1500 (4S : 6040 @ 36A)
pending
ZMX Fusion 2206 2300KV
2522KV
30.5g 1250 (4S : 5045BN @ 26.1A)
1300 (4S : 5040×3 @ 30.0A)
$21
Tornado T2 2206 2300KV
2600KV
30g 1213 (4S : 5045BN @ 25.7A)
1300 (4S : 5040×3 @ 29.8A)
$24 Oscar
Multicopter Builders 2207 2400KV
2500KV
30g 1250 (4S : 5045BN @ 27.1A)
1335 (4S : 5040×3 @ 31.5A)
$23
DYS Fire 2206 2100KV
2300KV
2600KV
32g 1099 (4S : 5045BN @ 22.0A)
1157 (4S : 5040×3 @ 25.5A)
$20
Hyperlite V4 2206 2300KV
2522KV
28.6g 1209 (4S : 5045BN @ 25.2A)
1271 (4S : 5040×3 @ 28.9A)
$25 Jimmy
Emax RS2205S 2300KV
2600KV
28.8g 1251 (4S : 5045BN @ 31.7A)
1232 (4S : 5040×3 @ 28.8A)
$20 Oscar
RMRC Rifle 2206 2300KV
2550KV
30.5g 1180 (4S : 5045BN @ 24.3A)
1256 (4S : 5040×3 @ 28.0A)
$25
TBS Steele 2306 2345KV 28.5g 1141 (4S : 5045BN @ 24.3A)
1194 (4S : 5040×3 @ 28.2A)
$28
Lumenier RB2205 2400KV 24g Pending $35
T-Motor F40 Pro 2305 2400KV
2600KV
30g 1349 (4S : 5045BN @ 29.8A)
1441 (4S : 5040×3 @ 35.4A)
$23
T-Motor F60 Pro 2207 2200KV
2450KV
34g 1232 (4S : 5045BN @ 25.5A)
1325 (4S : 5040×3 @ 29.4A)
1711 (4S : 6040 @ 36.4A)
$25

You might see thrust data different elsewhere, due to these tests were done under different equipment and condition. Some thrust data are pulled from MiniQuadTestBench.com.

Thrust is not everything, there are many other factors to consider to choose the best motors for your mini quad. Remember, build quality, motor response, and efficiency, RPM, current draw under different throttle are just as important as peak thrust.

Here is a guide to highlight some of the important things to bear in mind when choosing motor.

Propellers (Prop)

Before you start with selecting propellers, make sure you understand the basics or props first.

Get lots of spare

Propellers is the “consumable” of the hobby. Especially so for mini quad because we crash a lot. It’s inevitable to break props, lots of them. :) Propellers are generally fairly cheap, therefore it’s a good idea to get a bunch of them in in case you run out.

Always get “durable props”

Originally mini quad props were mainly made of ABS or other types of mixed plastic, and they are very easy to break. Manufacturers of the mini quad market have introduced new material, soemtimes referred to as “durable” or “indestructible”. These durable props are kind of flexible, yet very hard to break, you will save money and time replacing them. There are 2 downsides though to “indestructible” props

  • They often bend after crashes, because they don’t break, so it’s hard to spot, which could cause vibration in flights
  • Because they don’t break, the crash impact is transferred to your motor bearing, and might shorten motor life

Dual-blade, Triblade, Quadblade or Hexblade?

The more blades, the more thrust it should deliver (if the motor has enough torque to handle the propeller), but it will also increase current draw dramatically. The fewer blades the more efficient generally speaking. IMO Hex props aren’t very practical and very low in efficiency. Currently tri-blades is the most popular because it has a good balance between thrust and efficiency.

Not a complete list

It’s impossible to list every single prop and brand (there are hundreds of them), but google what you need usually shows you what you need. Popular brands that make propellers are: DYS, HQ, Gemfan, DAL (or DALProps), FC, Kingkong, Racerstar etc. If you are a beginner, I personally would recommend Racerstar, Kingkong and DAL props. Those are what I am currently using, they are cheap, durable yet perform well.

Propeller Name Image/Material Price/Pair
Racekraft 5051/5038 $2
DAL Cyclones T5045C $1.5
Kingkong Props $0.6
RacerStar Props $0.7
Butter Cutter Props 5x5x3 $2
Gemfan 5030 Plastic $1.7
Gemfan 5030 Triblade Plastic $3.5
Gemfan 5045 HBN Plastic
Gemfan 5045×3 BN Plastic
Gemfan 6045 Plastic $2
DAL 5040×3 Polycarbonate glass fibre (durable) $1.5
DAL 5045×3 Polycarbonate glass fibre (durable) $1.5
DAL 5045 Bullnose Polycarbonate glass fibre (durable) $1.3
HQ 5x4x3 CF Reinforced Plastc $1.7
HQ 5X4.6X3 Durable $2.6
HQ Quad Blade Prop hq-quad-blade-props-4-propellers $3
HQ Hex Blade Prop hq-hex-blade-props-6-propellers $3
HQ 6045 Glass Fiber Composite $3.5
DYS 5045, 6040 dys $2

.

ESC – Electronic Speed Controller

After making the choices of  motor and prop, you should now know roughly the current requirement for your mini quad. If your motors draw more current than the ESC’s can handle, your ESC’s will eventually fail. (To find out your motor max current draw, check the motor thrust data, or do your own testing)

For a more detail guide on choosing ESC, check out How to choose ESC for Racing drones.

In this list we have the ESC current rating, price, input voltage, and weight. There is also firmware/software which the ESC supports. SimonK and BLHeli firmware are known to perform better than some factory firmware, that’s why many of us will flash the ESC to the latest version of BLHeli. (Note that not all ESCs allow you to flash custom firmware) Learn abou the Difference between SimonK and BLHeli in 2 mins.

The latest ESC’s perform similarly well these days. They come with BLHeli_S firmware installed, and support DShot600 and Multishot, these are the preferred firmware and ESC protocols.

Newer ESC’s are added at the bottom of the list.

Name Current Rating (Burst) Picture Price Cell Allowed Weight Firmware / Flashable
HK Blue Series 12A (16A) Blue Series 12A ESC Hobbyking $8 2S – 4S 10g Factory Firmware, Flashable
HK Blue Series 20A (30A) ESC-HobbyKing 20A Blue Series ESC Brushless Speed Controller $10 2S – 4S 18g Factory Firmware, Flashable
DYS SN20A Mini 20A DYS SN20A Mini ESC $11 2S – 4S 7.6g SimonK
DYS BL20A Mini 20A  DYS BL20A Mini ESC $11.5 2S – 4S 7.6g BLHeli
Afro Ultra Lite 12A (16A) ESC-Afro 12A esc ultra lite $10 2S – 4S 10g SimonK
Afro 20A ESC-Afro ESC 20A $13 2S – 4S 23g SimonK
KISS ESC 12A ESC-KISS-ESC-12A $19 2S – 4S 2g Custom
KISS ESC 18A ESC-kiss-esc-18a $26 2S – 4S 2g Custom
KISS 30A (45A) KISS-ESC-30A $28 2S – 6S 5.4g Custom
Rotorgeeks 12A 12A rotorgeeks 12A ESC blheli v4 $10 2S – 4S 10g BLHeli
RG20A 20A rotorgeeks-rg20a-esc $17 2S – 4S 4g BLHeli
FVT LittleBee 20A (30A) FVT-Favourite Littlebee 20A BLHeli $14 2S – 4S 4g BLHeli – F330
KISS Race ESC 24A (30A) KISS ESC 2-5S 24A race edition - 32bit ESC $26 2S-5S 3.6g KISS Custom – 32bit DShot
DYS XM20A 20A DYS XM Seris XM20A BLHeli mini 20A ESC $12 2S-4S 5.8g BLHeli – F396
FVT Littlebee 30A FVT LittleBee 30A ESC $15 2S-6S 11g BLHeli – F330
UBAD Angry-Beast 30A UBAD 30a Angry-Beast Mini-ESC $20 2S-4S 12g BLHeli
HobbyWing Xrotor 20A (30A) hobbywing-XRotor-20A n/a 3S-4S 14g BLHeli
TBS PowerCube 20A (45A) Team BlackSheep PowerCube $150 2S-6S 70g SimonK/BLheli
Castle Quadpack 25A Castle Creations Quadpack 25 ESC PCB front $23 2S-6S 6.5g Custom
Littlebee Pro 20A littlebee-pro-20a-esc-mini-quad $14 2S-4S 6g BLHeli, F396
Littlebee Pro 4in1 20A littlebee-pro-4-in-1-esc-20a-mini-quad $53 2S-4S 20g BLHeli, with 5V BEC
DYS XM30A 30A DYS-XM30a-esc-mini-quad $16 3S-6S 9g BLHeli – F396
Flycolor Raptor 20A/30A flycolor raptor 30a esc $12 2S-4S 9.6g BLheli – F396
DALRC XR20A 20A (40A) DALRC-XR20A-ESC $11 2S-4S 6g BLheli – F396
Aikon Boltlite 30A (40A) aikon-boltlite-30a-esc $12 2S-4S 9g BLHeli
Aikon SEFM 20A 20A (30A) aikon sefm20-blehli_s esc $14 2S-4S 6g BLHeli_S
Aikon SEFM V2 30A 30A (40A) Aikon SEFM 30A ESC top mcu processor $16 2S-4S 9g BLHeli_S DShot
ZTW Flash 30A 30A ZTW flash 30A esc $16 2S-4S 11g BLHeli_S
DYS XS20 20A dys xs20a blehli_s esc $13 3S-4S 4.5g BLHeli_S
DYS XS30 30A dys xs30a esc feature $17 3S-6S 8.7g BLHeli_S
Littlebee 20A-S 20A littlebee-20a-s-esc-blheli-s $15 2S-4S 4g BLHeli_S
Littlebee 30A-S 30A littlebee-30a-s-esc-blheli_s $16 2S-6S 9g BLHeli_S
Sunrise Cicada 30A sunrise-cicada-30a-blheli-s-esc $18 2S-4S 9g BLHeli_S DShot
Racerstar RS20A 20A (25A) racestar v2 20a blehli_s esc $11 2S-4S 5.7g BLHeli_S DShot
Racerstar RS30A 30A (35A) racestar v2 30a blehli_s esc $13 2S-4S 6.3g BLHeli_S DShot
DALRC BS25A 25A (40A) DALRC BS25A esc $14 2S-4S 5.8g BLHeli_S
V-Good FireFly 18A v-good firefly 18a esc $17 2S-4S 5.7g Custom – 32-bit
Gemfan Maverick 25A Gemfan Maverick esc pending pending pending Custom – 32-bit
TBS Bulletproof 25A $17 2S-4S 3g BLHeli-S DShot
Emax Bullet 30A $13 2S-4S pending BLHeli-S DShot
T-Motor F30A 30A $15 2S-4S 4.3g BLHeli-S DShot
DYS XSD 30A $17 3S-5S 7.2g BLHeli-S DShot
Armattan DShot 30A $13.5 3S-6S 7.8g BLHeli-S DShot
XRacer Quadrant 25A $13 3S-6S 2.5g BLHeli-S DShot
Spedix HV 30A $12 3S-6S 5.5g BLHeli-S DShot

Some resellers rebrand ESC’s under different names so be aware.

LiPo Battery

Once you have determined what motor, props and ESC you are going to put on your mini quad, you can now look at choosing LiPo batteries. The decisions you need to make are:

  • Cell count
  • Capacity
  • C rating – max discharge rate

This article explains the basics of LiPo battery.

Cell Count – 3S Or 4S?

Motor/ESC manufacturers normally suggest how many cells LiPo you can use with their motors. The higher cell count means more power thus faster speed, but make sure your charger can support it.

I personally would recommend going 4S because it’s more powerful, faster and a lot more fun. It’s not a lot harder than building a 3S quad anymore, over the time manufacturers have made products support 4S better.

Capacity

The most popular capacity range for mini quad is between 1300mAh and 1800mAh for both 3S or 4S setup. Basically you need to find a good balance between flight time and weight. More capacity gives you more time in the air, but it’s also heavier. When it gets too heavy, the aircraft starts to feel sluggish and flies like a tank. For serious racers and free-styler pilots, you want the aircraft to be as light as possible, so 1300mAh and 1500mAh are the most popular packs.

C Rating

Safe peak current draw = C-rating * capacity

So for example if a mini quad draws 48A in total at 100% throttle (12A per motor), any 1300mah battery that has a C rating around or higher than 37C should be good enough.

For instance,  these battery would be the fine candidates for this example:

  • ZIPPY Compact 1300mAh 3s 40c Lipo Pack
  • Turnigy nano-tech 1300mAh 3S 45~90C Lipo Pack

Some people believe low C rating battery works just as good, while some say if C rating is below requirement, the quad will have no punch (voltage sag). It could even cause battery to overheat, which is bad for battery health.

Note that higher C rating batteries tend to be heavier as well.

Popular LiPo Brand Names
Turnigy Nano-Tech
Zippy
Drone Lab
Tattu (Gens Ace)
Dinogy
Lumenier
Multistar
SLS
Bonka
Onbo
Acehe

HVLi?

There is a new type of batteries called HVLi (or sometimes LiHV), stands for High Voltage Lipo battery. These allow you to charge them up to 4.35V per cell, giving you higher starting voltage and more capacity. Check out this post for all the pros and cons about LiHV batteries. But watch out for its longevity, it’s been reported they don’t last long compared to regular LiPo batteries.

FPV Camera

I wrote a guide on How to Choosing a FPV Camera before.

PZ0420 (Sony Super HAD) used to be the best board FPV camera out there, but nowadays more people prefer to use a camera in a protective case, like the Runcam Swift or HS1177. They are easier to install on a mini quad, and have similar performance if not better than the PZ0420. I personally prefer the Swift, with proper settings they work really well under most situations.

For night FPV flying, there are “Starlight” cameras available such as the Runcam Owl Plus and Foxeer Night Wolf. The Night eagle even perform better!

CMOS camera are also making a come back, with even better WDR and light handling performance than CCD. The Aomway 700TVL is a good example, not to mention the Runcam Eagle, WDR is excellent, it’s probably one of my favourite FPV cameras currently.

Camera Name Picture TVL Price Spec/Feature Input Voltage
Sony Super HAD PZ0420 2-sony-600tvl-fpv-ccd-camera-without-case 600 TVL $30 2.1mm, 2.8mm, 3.6mm 12V
Sony Super HAD Mini Sony-Super-HAD-600TVL-Mini-fpv-camera-quadcopter 600 TVL $35 2.8mm, 3.6mm 5V-22V
Sony 960H CCD Effio-V Sony-960H-Effio-V-800TVL-fpv-Camera-quadcopter 800 TVL $47 2.8mm, 3.6mm, 6mm 6V-16V
Sony Super Had PZ0420M runcam-pz0420m-fpv-camera-2-8lens 600TVL $36 2.8mm 5V-17V
Runcam Sky Plus runcam_sky_fpv-camera 600TVL $36 2.8mm, 3.6mm 5V-17V
Aomway 700TVL  AOMWAY 1200TVL FPV camera 700TVL $25 170° 3.6-5.5V
Runcam Swift runcam swift fpv camera front lens logo 600TVL $40 2.8mm 5V-17V
HS1177 runcam swift fpv camera hs1177 comparison size 600TVL $40 2.8mm 5V-17V
Owl Plus RunCam Owl Plus FPV camera lens front 700TVL $50 150° 5-22V
Runcam Eagle runcam eagle fpv camera 800TVL $65 130° 5-17V
Foxeer Arrow V2 foxeer arrow hs1199 fpv camera 600TVL $40 2.8mm, built-in OSD 5-22V
Foxeer Night Wolf night wolf foxeer fpv camera 700TVL $40 unknown 5-35V
Runcam Swift 2 600TVL $45 Built-in OSD 5-36V
Runcam Night Eagle 800TVL $80 Night Vision / B&W 5-17V
Runcam Swift Mini 600TVL $35 Smaller Swift 5-36V

.

Video Transmitter / Receiver

There are many choices for video transmitter (vTX) and video receiver (vRX). There are even different frequency for FPV such as 1.2GHz, 1.3GHz and 2.4GHz (not legal in some countries). The reason everyone prefer 5.8Ghz is mainly because of the tiny antenna and VTX unit. And the fact that mini quad doesn’t usually fly long range, so 5.8Ghz is enough for most people.

Here is a more detail guide how to choose video transmitter.

It’s important to know there are 5 common frequency bands used in 5.8Ghz video transmission for FPV, they are known as the A, B, E, F and Raceband bands (ABCEF). Newer VTX supports 48 channels – 6 bands and they are labelled as ABCEDF. Here is a 5.8Ghz Frequency band table that explain what the frequencies are in each band, and which brands use them.

Video Transmitter Power Picture Price Input Voltage Channels Support Bands Review URL
Eachine 600mW eachine-et600-video-transmitter-vtx-top $25 7V-23V 32 ch ABEF Oscar
FX795T-2 25mW
200mW
FX795T-2 5.8G 20 To 200mW 40CH Raceband VTX video transmitter $30 7V-24V 40 ch ABCEF Pending
FX796T 200mW
600mW
FX796T-5.8ghz-40-chvideo-transmitter-vtx-mini-quad-back-connector-button-led $33 7V-20V 40 ch ABCEF Oscar
Atas Raceband 600mW atas-raceband-600mw-video-transmitter-vtx-top $45 7V-20V 40 ch ABCEF Oscar
ImmersionRC 600mW immersion 600mw $70 7V-25V 8 ch F Oscar
TS351 200mW 5.8Ghz 200mW video transmitter $18 7V-16V 8 ch E Pending
Boscam TS832  600mW boscam-TS832 $50 7V-16V 32 ch ABEF Oscar
TS5823 5.8GHz 200mW TS5823-200mw-video-transmitter $34 7V-24V 32 ch ABEF Oscar
Aomway 5.8Ghz 500mW Aomway 5.8Ghz 500mw video transmitter vtx $46 7V-16V 16 ch E F Pending
Aomway 5.8Ghz 200mW Aomway 5.8Ghz 200mw video transmitter vtx $20 7V-24V 32 ch ABEF Pending
Hawkeye 200mW hawkeye 5.8ghz video transmitter vtx 200mw $31 6V-24V 32 ch ABEF Pending
Foxeer TM25 Switcher 25mW/200mW/600mW Adjustable Foxeer TM25 Switcher vtx $33 7-24V 40ch ABCEF Pending
Immersionrc Tramp HV 1mW – 600mW linear power control ImmersionRC Tramp HV VTX pending 2s-4s (HV) 48ch ABCEF + Race Wand Pending
RMRC Cricket VTX 25mW/200mW/600mW RMRC Cricket v2 VTX $50 7-20V 40ch ABCEF Pending
TBS unify pro  25mW – 800mW Adjustable TBS unify pro vtx $50 4.5-5.5V 40ch ABCEF Pending
DIATONE SP2 25mw/200mw Adjustable DIATONE Stackable SP2 vtx $32 6-30V 40ch ABCEF Pending
DIATONE SP3 25/200/600mW, integrated OSD $40 10-25V 48ch ABCDEF Grisha
FT48X 0.25-600mW adjustable $28 6.5-25V 48ch ABCDEF Pending

When it comes to VRX, make sure it’s compatible with your choice of video transmitter (works on the same frequency band). If you are getting a pair of FPV Goggles, it might already come with a built-in RX so you won’t need an external one.

Video Receiver Picture Price US$ Support Bands Input Voltage Review
RC305 RC305-video-Receiver $16 E 5V Pending
RC832 32Ch RC805-32-channel-video-receiver $34 A B E F 12V Pending
Aomway DVR 32ch Aomway DVR 5-8GHz 32ch Video Receiver with Built in Video Recorder $42 A B E F 7V-24V Pending
FR632 diversity FR632 diversity 5.8GHz 32Ch Auto Scan LCD AV Receiver $56 A B E F 6V-28V RCG
ImmersionRC UNO immersionrc-uno-video-receiver $72 F 6V-16V Pending
Quanum RC540R ProDrone FullSet Antennah helical cloverleaf quanum diversity receiver $73 ABCEF 6-18V Oscar

.

FPV Video Antenna

VTX and VRX normally come with whip antennas. They work fine, but to get better range and penetration it’s always advised to replace them with some circular polarized antennas. Here is a tutorial on what is circular polarized antenna, and why they are better than whip antennas.

To further improve range, sometimes directional antennas like helical or patch are used on the video receiver. They can give you more range, but they also have a narrower beam of reception. That means you will get weaker signal on your left and right, even worse behind. They come with different gains, the higher gain, the more directional it is. Here is a guide about how antenna gain affects range in FPV.

Antenna Name TX/RX Picture Type Price Gain
Emax 5.8Ghz Cloverleaf Both emax-5-8ghz-cloverleaf-antenna-fpv Cloverleaf $24 na
Boscam 5.8GHz Cloud Spirit Both boscam cloud spirit 5.8 antenna Clover-Leaf $26 TX1.1dbi,RX1.4dbi
ImmersionRC Spironet Both ImmersionRC 5.8GHz SpiroNet Antenna Skew Planar Wheel $40 na
IBCrazy Bluebeam Both IBCrazy 5.8 GHz Bluebeam Ultra Antenna TX – 3 lobe Airscrew5 lobe Mad Mushorrom $65 na
Boscam Patch Antenna RX Boscam 5.8GHz 11dBi patch Antenna Patch $8 11dBi
Aomway 7 Turn Helical RX Aomway 11dbi 7 Turn 5.8GHz Helical Antenna Helical $14 11dbi
Fatshark SpiroNET Patch RX Immersion Fatshark SpiroNET CP Patch 5.8GHz Antenna Patch $68 13dbi
TBS Triumph Both tbs-triumph-antenna Circular Polarized $40 1.26 dbic
Foxeer Antenna Both foxeer-antenna Circular Polarized $10 3dBi
ProDrone Diversity VTX/VRX ProDrone FullSet Antennah helical cloverleaf diversity out Omni & Directional $43 Helical=8dBi
DYS Planar Antenna VRX dys planar antenna Directional $21 14dbi
TrueRC X-Air Crosshair VRX TrueRC X-Air crosshair antenna Directional $30 10dbi
Menace Raptor Both CP $16 1.09dbi
PAGODA OMNI Both CP $15
VAS DuraSpec Both CP $25
Lumenier AXII Both CP $40 1.6dbi
BeeRotor HoneyDrop Both CP $16 3dbi
DYS 5.8Ghz Both CP $4 4dbi
Aomway 5.8Ghz Both CP $15 3dbi
BG Whip Both Whip $4 2.8dbi

Lastly, when choosing antennas for video transmitter and receiver, make sure the type of connectors are compatible. To learn the difference, check out the guide on SMA and PR-SMA connectors.

FPV Goggle / Monitor Display

You can’t fly FPV without display equipment! FPV Goggles give a better flying experience, but there are also cheap alternatives such as a small LCD monitor.

I used to fly with a 7″ monitor, it’s great for people who wear glasses. It also allows you to switch between line of sight and FPV quickly. However it’s hard to see what’s on the screen under the sun, and FPV goggles give you a much more immersive experience.

For a full list of FPV Goggles, Check out this guide for shopping FPV goggles.

FPV Goggles List

Here are some choices of monitors.

FPV Goggle/Monitor Name Picture Price
7 inch LCD Monitor 7-LCD-Monitor-Screen-fpv-stand $30
Fieldview 888 TFT LCD Monitor Fieldview 888 TFT LCD $95
SkyZone Diversity Receiver 7′ Monitor SkyZone 5.8GHz Diversity Receiver 7.0 Inch TFT LCD Monitor for FPV 800x480 LED Backlight $120

It’s worth knowing that some FPV goggles come with great features, such as built-in video receiver, DVR (digital video recorder), head tracking, etc, which you don’t get on a monitor.

OSD – On Screen Display

OSD is an optional device that display flight information on your screen. For most mini quad pilots, we only need the basics like battery voltage and timer. But of course you can also just use Telemetry for that purpose.

Update 02 July 2015 – check out this OSD Guide.

OSD Name Picture Price Display Data Support Voltage Monitor
Hobbyking E-OSD hobbyking-e-osd $14 voltage, timer 7.2V-12V (2S – 3S)
Super Simple Mini OSD hobbyking-super-simple-osd $9 voltage, timer 5V-26V (2S – 6S)
MinimOSD Minim OSD v1-1 $20 Voltage, timer, GPS, etc n/a
MinimOSD with KV Mod MINIM-OSD $11 Voltage, timer, GPS, etc 2S-4S
Micro MinimOSD micro-minimosd-bottom $15 Voltage, timer, GPS, etc 2S-4S

My favourite is the Micro MinimOSD. It’s cheap (only $7), and powerful. It allows you to display many types of data such as voltage, RSSI, current, GPS info etc. With MWOSD firmware you can even change your PID/Rate settings on your quad. However some find it easy to break, and it’s seriously vulnerable to voltage spikes in power system.

PDB and Voltage Regulator

I would recommend getting a good PDB (power distribution board) that comes with voltage regulator (5V/12V output), and power filters. You can also just get voltage regulators, but the wiring would be messier.

LC Power Filter is used to reduce noise in the power. If you are powering your video transmitter and FPV camera from your main LiPo pack, you may notice the jumping white lines across the picture when flying, this is when the LC filter comes into play. You can buy them or make one yourself.

Voltage Regulator Image Input Range Output Price
3A Mini Voltage Regulator 3A-mini2 4.5V-28V 0.8V-20V @ 3A $3
RMRC Dual 5V-12V Dual Step Down Regulator 2S-6S Lipo 5V, 12V @ 1.5A $20
Micro 12V getfpv-12v-step-down-voltage-regulator 14V-42V 12V @ 0.6A $6
Atas Mini PDB Atas_Mini_PDB_Pro_power_distribution_board 3S-6S 5V, 12V @ 3A $25
Matek Mini PDB Matek Mini PDB-power-distribution-board-mini-quad 2S-6S 5V, 12V @ 2A-3A $5
OSDoge osdoge_pdb_power_distribution_board 3S-4S 5V, 12V $70
RMRC 12V Step-Up RMRC 12V Step-Up voltage regulator 2.5V-12V 12V @ 1.4A $3.5
DemonRC Core Demon-Core-v2.3 pdb 3S-8S 5V @ 0.6A
12V @ 1.0A
$26.5
Matek 5in1  Matek 5in1 v3 pdb 3S-6S 5V @ 3A
12V @ 0.5A
$9
Matek Mini Power Hub Matek 5v 3a power hub pdb 3S-6S 5V, 12V @ 3A $7.5
RROSD Pro Mini RROSD PRO MINI PDB 3S – 6S $35 $35

.

FPV Recording Camera

There are usually two cameras used on the same mini quad. One is the FPV camera, it’s used for the actual flying which we just talked about. The other camera is used to record HD footage (e.g. 1080p 60fps). Most high quality videos you see on Youtube/Vimeo are filmed using one of these HD cameras.

The best known camera among these are probably the GoPro. The Runcam HD and Mobius are the popular low end cameras. Compared to the GoPro, they are only a fraction of the cost, lighter, yet capable of capturing decent footage. The Xiaomi Yi is also very popular especially with the custom Superview Script, it can produce some great footage close to the quality of a GoPro.

FPV Recording Camera Picture Price Weight Max Resolution Max FPS
808 #16 KeyChain 808-16-camera $40 17g 720p 30fps
Mobius (Wide Angle) mobius-camera-button-functions $73 39g [email protected] [email protected]
Turnigy HD ActionCam Turnigy HD ActionCam fpv camera $83 58g [email protected] [email protected]
JS5000 js4000-fpv-recording-camera-quadcopter $108 74g [email protected] [email protected]
GoPro gopro hero4 black fpv camera $200-$500 74g-88g [email protected] [email protected]
RunCam HD Runcam-hd-camera-3 $50 40g [email protected] [email protected]
Xiaomi Yi xiaomi-yi-action-camera-feature $100 72g [email protected] [email protected]
Runcam 2 runcam2-camera-fpv $99 49g [email protected]
Legend 1 legend 1 hd camera $90 49g [email protected]
Xiaomi Yi 4K Xiaomi-yi-4k HD camera testing $220 90g [email protected]
[email protected]
GoPro Session gopro session hd camera $210 73g [email protected]
GoPro Session 5 $300 73g [email protected]
[email protected]
GoPro Hero5 $400 117g [email protected]
[email protected]
Mobius 2 $89 45g [email protected]
Mobius Mini $69 27g [email protected]
[email protected]
Runcam 3 HD $99 66g [email protected]

Miscellaneous Items

There are many other parts, tools you might or might not need for building your quadcopter. I will make a list here and will expend on the subject in the future.

Mini Quad Kit | RTF | BNF | ARTF

Some mini quads are pre-built with majority of the parts that you need, e.g. motors, ESCs, FC, etc. Although i do recommend reading up and choose each part yourself, some beginners might find this option easier. Here are some nice RTF/ARTF Mini Quads:

You’ve Made It!

I hope this post gave you some insights and ideas of building a mini quad, what’s involved and what options are out there. Even if you are still puzzled, don’t worry! Join our forum (IntoFPV.com) and we are always there to help.

History of Mini Quad Frames

Like the tide, many mini quad frames have come and gone. Here is a list compiled by figgoat to remember all of our once favourite frames.

114 thoughts on “Complete Mini Quad Parts List – FPV Quadcopter Component Choice

  1. raemin

    Thanks for the detailed list that at least helped me to sort things out for my latest purchase…

    I was trying to make a lightweight setup, here are a few findings: GEPRC GEP210 is closer to 150g in terms of weight. The specs on banggood are misleading when they specify 98g. That’s a very good frame, but this not the one to be selected for a lightweight setup. Speed Addict 210-R quoted weight is also wrong.

    Reply
  2. Colin Wheat

    Great listings, thanks.

    Don’t forget ZTW ESC’s.

    Also; BoltRC’s BlackOps and Race frames (Sex on a Stick); and for beginners their Bolt250 Stealth is light weight and bullet proof – well, almost crash proof :). A seriously tough frame for starting out and learning – also damn quick with the right running gear.

    I see you already listed the Kracken and the just releasing (ImpulseRC) Helix.

    Also the (SliverDrone) ZMX v2 & v3 motors are now retired, with a new Fusion line about to release. The v3’s were probably in the top three well, couple months back – things move quickly in this business :).

    Reply
  3. Ben Portman

    Hey Oscar, just got some racerstar 2205 2600kv’s, £22 for 4, and I’ve not got the quad flying as somehow an ESC has blown, but they sound and feel worth alot more, also have picked up a racerstar 4 in 1 20 amp esc with bls for about the same money… not put it on anything as I’ll be stacking it on the RotorX atom 2 frame I’ve pre ordered ( have just finished a v1 transplanted from my very breakable Sputnik 117 and it’s good in doors at least!)
    Maybe you could get some racerstar stuff to test? I’ve been impressed so far.
    Also, maybe you could add afro naze mini and some tarot frames to your list? I’ve never brought a bad Tarot frame…
    Keep up the good work m8, hope to catch up soon.

    Reply
  4. Dane

    Hello Oscar I am very new to the quad-copter scene and would like some advice on the build i have chosen

    fpv250 + cage – frame
    flip32 – flight controller
    EMAX Cooling 2204 – motor
    gemfan 5040 – props
    XM20A – esc
    Turnigy nano-tech 1300mAh 4S 45~90C Lipo Pack – battery
    Song 960H CCD effio-V – fpv camera
    FX796T – video transmitter
    RC832 32Ch – video reciever
    Boscam 5.8GHZ Cloud Spirit – FPV antenna
    mimimOSD with KV Mod – OSD
    3A mini Volage regulator

    -thanks

    Reply
    1. William

      Hiya I’m doing my first build but I don’t know what size of wire should be used to wire up the motors to the esc its emax mt2204 2300kv and racestar 4in1 blHeli 20A esc can anyone help me on this please

      Reply
  5. Niels Sparre

    Super nice list! :D But you really need the Epiquad 210x on that frame list xD It’s such a good frame.

    Reply
  6. Henry

    Hi Oscar,
    What do you think of RG20 esc’s, there aren’t many 3rd party reviews and I am debating between them and little bees…
    Many thanks!

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      they are solid ESC’s, but a bit bulky, expensive and heavier than the Littlebee 20A, also doesn’t perform as well as LB20A. Kind of outdated product now.
      go for the XM20A if you can, they are the even better than LB.

      Reply
    1. Carl

      Hello Oscar… I just found this after ordering a bunch of parts for my first ever build. I ma have bought a lot of the wrong stuff but found your guide most enlightening and will be staying tuned for more. Thank you very much for sharing and best wishes for a happy 2016!

      Reply
  7. Rowen

    Hi Oscar,
    Very new to quads, planning a 250 build. Want to start with the banggood QAV250 combo
    Thinking of adding
    Fatshark 700TVL CMOS V1 Fixed Mount FPV Camera
    Boscam TS832 FPV 5.8G 32CH 600mw Wireless AV Transmitter
    Eachine RC832 Boscam FPV 5.8G 32CH Wireless AV Receiver
    Fatshark ImmersionRC SpiroNet 5.8GHz RHCP Antenna TX RX Set
    RCD 3060 OS Mini OSD

    For goggles and transmitter:
    Fatshark Dominator V3 FPV Video Goggles
    FrSky ACCST Taranis X9D PLUS 16CH 2.4GHz Transmitter with X8R

    Should I get a PDB (eg LANTIAN Mini PDB Power Distribution Board With 5V/12V Linear Regulator)?
    Is there anything else I’m missing to be able to get going? Or anything I don’t need?
    Thanks in advance!
    Rowen

    Reply
  8. Bryce

    Thank you for taking the time to write this super in depth post. I just spent a week researching parts and unfortunately just this morning I already ordered everything before finding this.

    Although, I’ll definitely be back here for FPV Quad V2!!

    Reply
  9. Gabe Collins

    Hi Oscar,
    I am planning my second mini quad build as my first one is a write off. I’m really struggling to decide what motors to use. I would like to use cobra motors but they are too expensive, the cheapest i can find them is £17. what would you recommend?I’m looking for the most powerful setup i can get using 4s with 5 inch props.
    Thanks for your time,
    Gabe Collins

    Reply
  10. barrymossel

    Hi Oscar,

    I am on a budget and looking for nice motors to start with this nice hobby. I am going to build a ZMR250 and was thinking about the DYS S1806 2300KV motors (with the DYS 16A ESC’s). Would you recommend those?

    -barry

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      I never used them, but my friends have. they are good value motors, not top end, but good enough to start with. Use DYS20A ESC for a bit more head room, price/size isn’t much different anyway.

      Reply
      1. Ben Portman

        the dys 16 and 20 amps are the same thing…just lighter wire on the 16 amp ones…doesn’t make sense but there it is.

    2. Spencer George

      I’ve personally used Emax 2204’s and they have great bang for the buck. Never used DYS but I’ve known people to have problems with them.
      -Spencer

      Reply
      1. Ben Portman

        ooo ,I’m a DYS fan, never had any problems with motors or ESC’s unless I’ve abused them IE installed them wrong and fried them!!. I used Emax in the past, a couple of years ago and have been totally put off by the better quality and performance of the DYS alternative, this is 2 years ago and Emax seem to be doing some better stuff now.

  11. madgadget

    “Hi Oscar” THANK U for one of (if not the best), comprehensive 250 guides to date. Your work has provided all of us with a well written repository of links and guides. Thanks

    Reply
  12. E.L.K.

    Hi Oscar!

    Just stopped for a while to say great thanks!

    Your blog is _extremely_ useful and it is pleasure to read.

    Btw, the cool music you putting in your video, is there a playlist or something?

    Br,
    Alexey

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      thanks man :)
      The songs are just music i stumble upon soundcloud :)
      i can put them together in a playlist if there is demand :)

      Reply
  13. Malte

    Just wanted to leave a quick note saying that this post and blog really is helpful!
    I especially appreciate that you go back and update it.

    Keep being awesome :)

    Reply
  14. Yande

    Wow, Oscar, you ARE a legend. Spent the afternoon reading through some of your Blog, and my Quad loving and learning experience has just come that much richer! Thanks

    Reply
  15. Thom

    Hi Oscar
    First of all cheers for all the info helped a lot especially the battery section. I have started a nice simple 250frame build with 12A ESC with baby beast motors 1300mah 25c-50c nano tec batteries and my flight controller is the MWC MultiWii SE V2.5 and my Tx is a Turnigy 9X. my first question is do you think this will all go together ok (my thinking yes)? Second question is if possible could you point me in the direction of a site with good multiwii setup instructions / programming? If not your help here has been sweet anyways. Thanks again :)

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      Hi Thom
      do you know how much current the motor/prop combination will draw? can your 12A ESC handle it?
      I recommend getting the Naze32, Multiwii is kind of a out dated technology now.

      Reply
      1. Thom

        Hi Oscar
        Cheers for the reply. The esc came as a combo pack from HK “Afro esc + motor combo by multi star” 10A draw max 120w. so is that 120w/11.1v=10.8A each x4= 43.2A draw in total? right? sorry still learning. I know the lipo is around 12.4v -12.6v when full. was not sure if you went with that value.
        I went with multi star as I upgraded my Blade 350 QX to the same brand and found no issue with them.
        I’ll have a wee look into the Naze32 for an upgrade! I’ll also keep going with the MultiWii just now as its always good to learn new things plus no point in wasting it.

      2. Oscar Post author

        okay if max current is 11A… then these ESC should be fine!
        Total current around 44A, now you need to look at battery… for 1300mah battery … you can figure out what C rating you need: 44/1.3 = 34C
        34 is the peak value you need, but you normally don’t stay on this peak current for too long, so 30C should be okay!

      3. Mike

        Hi Oscar
        Looking over your frame list and noticed that the xHover MXP230 Elite V2 Carbon Fiber was not listed (an evolution from the standard MXP230 G10 frame). Carbon Fiber/6mm Arms!!/3mm Body/ 150g/$149.95 xhover.com/collections/frames/products/mxp230-elite-carbon-fiber

        I’m having a hell of a time deciding between this and the Catalyst Labs Speed Addict 265. Love the Speed addict in terms of their “kitchen sink” approach to features and design but damn it those 6mm arms on the xHover are really making this a tough choice. Opinions welcome.

        Otherwise, excellent parts roundup, thanks for all the effort you’ve put into it!

      4. Oscar Post author

        HI Mike, thanks for the message.
        i will look into the Xhover frame and add to the list shortly :)
        thanks
        Oscar

  16. Magma6

    Hi Oscar
    Beginner myself, I am so happy I found your site. I am slowly processing the ton of data you give us here and compare it with my own (small) list.
    Doing so, I just found a small correction: the Eachine (I guess a clone of Boscam) AV Receiver RC832 price went recently down to 25$ at Banggood (see banggood.com/Eachine-FPV-5_8G-32CH-Wireless-AV-Receiver-RC832-p-975426.html )

    Thanks again!

    Reply
  17. Georg Hartmann

    Hello I have a little question about the measures of the quads … 250 means it has 250mm diagonally between the motors. What are the distances horizontally/vertically between the motors .. i calculated with the 6 inch props it would be quit small when i need some space for the 36mm controll board ..

    Best regards from germany
    Georg

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      The width and length vary from frame to frame, but as long as the diagonal distance is 250mm then it’s classified as a 250 frame.

      Reply
  18. Oscar Post author

    I have added most of the products above, however there are a few product sites that are all in French. I am not going to add those since most of us cannot understand a thing…

    Reply
    1. simpfa

      Hi Oscar (get a better captcha!)

      You should adjust the price of the Xiaomi Yi, I got it for about the same as mobius on banggood

      Reply
  19. Oscar Post author

    thanks so much for the missing products! i will add those into the parts list asap :) thanks again!

    Reply
  20. Oscar Post author

    I don’t remember either Ian… But i do know the RCX 1306 motor has some test data that shows insane efficiency. But the data is from the seller, so I doubt the accuracy. I have not tried it myself either as it’s too weak for 250 mini quad, maybe better with 180 frames. I would recommend Cobra motors for 250 mini quad (if you can get hold of some)… otherwise T-motors 1806 are also pretty good.

    Reply
  21. Oscar Post author

    i think the highest possibile resolution FPV camera is 1200TVL, but that’s CMOS not CCD, you might want to look into those.
    I only used the 800tvl effio camera, and the latency is close to a mobius vdieo out, which is too big for fpv racing IMO.

    Reply
    1. Hans

      Thank you for your reply, but my expectation is that a 1200TVL wil have a lot of latency also.
      How can I avoid the risk of buying it and finding out it is not useful for racing?

      Reply
  22. Jak bower

    This blog has been brilliant; I have just got into the hobby and decided to build my own quad. This has helped me decide on multiple things. would using this setup be good :
    Arris x speed 250 frame
    Cobra 2204 2300kv motors
    Afro 12a ultralight ESCs
    Naze 32 acro
    Taranis x9d and frsky x8r
    Pilot HD fpv camera with immersionrc 600mw transmitter

    I plan to use a 3s setup, 1300 to 2200mah. Would the arris x speed or the flexybee 250 be better.
    Being only 15 and trying to do this as a half school project half hobby build, I am a total beginner. Any help will be greatly appreciated.

    Thanks Oscar,
    Jak

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      that’s should be a good setup. however i use suggestion some alternations to the list:
      ESC: DYS BL20A ESC
      RX: Frsky D4R-II
      FPV Camera: Sony SuperHAD 600TVL

      As for frame, both frames should get the job done. the Flexybee is cheaper and easier to put together, but the Arris X speed looks cooler :)

      Reply
  23. Wookie

    Your Page really helped my getting informations about quadcopter.
    I´m planning on building (or buying) a fpv racing quadcopter.
    Read alot of stuff and watched hours of videos.
    youtu.be/a8JyCGXrFbk This build is really cool but for my first copter i think it would be an overkill and only a waste of money for learning it.
    What is your recommendation for an fpv race copter starter,
    I wanna use the FatShark Teleporter V3 for video, keep it not over expensive (150bucks for a frame is overkill for a beginner i think).
    I made 2 Options for my first Quadcopter:
    First One (DIY Version):
    ZMR250 250mm frame 28,86 €
    motor DYS BE1806 2300KV (4x) 34,25 €
    ecs EMAX SimonK series12A (4x) 30,02 €
    Naze32 Acro 22,74 €
    Gemfan 5X3 Plastic (5x) 9,03 €
    FatSharkV3 FPV 182,00 €
    Fatshark 5.8GHz Antenna V2  36,25 €
    FlySky Upgraded 2.4G 9CH  81,16 €
    Total: ~450€

    Second One (Kit Version):
    Kit banggood.com/Spedix-ARF-S250Q-Carbon-Fiber-CC3D-Motor-ESC-Propellers-DSM2-PDB-Combo-p-977495.html
    (its easy to setup and not too bad quality i think – Correct me if i am wrong )
    FatSharkV3 FPV 182,00 €
    Fatshark 5.8GHz Antenna V2  36,25 €
    FlySky Upgraded 2.4G 9CH  81,16 €
    Total: around 450€ too

    My Questions:
    -Do i need a PDB for the first build ?
    -should i start with an really high quality copter (150€ frame) for my first copter?
    -are one of these two build okey or you got an better for fpv racing ?

    Sorry for the long text :D

    Wookie

    Reply
  24. Oscar Post author

    yea… the plugin is totally screwed… I have turned it off this morning… I think it’s still cached on some pages… might take the system another few hours to update the cached pages… sorry about that!

    Reply
  25. Tom Sayer

    This is a great llist! helped me a lot when choosing parts for my mini quad!
    Thank you so much Oscar!

    Reply
  26. Oscar Post author

    it’s all to do with motor/prop combination… check out thrust data sheet (tests) for your motors, see what props it runs best. if the best props still not as good as 1306 than it’s reasonable to upgrade.

    Reply
  27. Depronkleber

    Very helpful guide! You really helped me starting to fly miniquads! I’m sure it will be helpful to many others… Be sure to check out other blog-entries from Oscar

    Cheers

    Reply
  28. Oscar Post author

    You don’t have to use a PDB. Check out this post about power distribution board for more detail.
    Depends on what you need, most PDB’s do the something, help with easy soldering. Some do more, like output filtered 12V and 5V voltage, but more expensive.

    Reply
  29. Oscar Post author

    HI Raiden, when I go fast I get about 5-6 mins, when I go gentle I get about 8 mins. I still think it’s pretty good flight time :)
    Bring a few more lipo if you want to fly longer :)

    Reply
    1. Raiden

      Hey Oscar, agreed about battery, in fact I actually flown the X5C-1 with spare 9 batteries! I can get 7-8 mins for each 500mAh 25C battery in the X5C-1.

      The reason is, with FPV I’m planning to fly quite further, that’s why I really wanted something over 15 minutes of light time. But in contrary, I heard lots a people are now shelving their 450 quads in favor for their 250s.

      So I’m still really torn between F450 flight times and QAV250 fun-ness for my first real quad..

      Reply
      1. Oscar Post author

        maybe, “long flight time” multicopters usually use large props, such as 10 inch with some large capacity battery. Therefore the frame has to be big enough to allow these big props.
        Generally, the bigger the props, the more energy efficient. I vaguely remember someone achieve 60 mins of flight time with some 22 inch props :D crazy!

        330 can allow 8 inch props i think? if you can find some efficient motors with this props size you might be able to make it happen :)

    2. Raiden

      That’s true, I’ve done a bit of research on F330 and seems that longest flight time achievable for now is 20 mins. The sweet spot for flight time is something like 1250kv motors on 8×45 props running 3300mAh of 3s lipo. I don’t think the owner carries any aerial can and gimbal though.

      I’m really trying to narrow down on FPV. Trying not to build an overly expensive one at least for my first build. I’ve dumped the idea of mission control, GPS, and all fancy stuff as I don’t think I’ll need them for now.

      F450 does have some crazy flight time, but the cost would be quite higher than 250 and 330 builds. Bigger propeller also seem to carry more risk of being disintegrated in the air, which I don’t want to deal with as an amateur. People talks about the reliability of 10″ Graupner propellers but then it’s horribly expensive.

      Reply
      1. Oscar Post author

        I really would recommend building a cheap 250 that costs less than $150 (not including accessories).
        It will train up your pilot skills, and give you better understanding how to build a quad, and how to choose parts. :)
        more importantly it’s resistant to crash, and fun to fly.

  30. Oscar Post author

    Thanks for the suggestion Pedro! that’s on my “To Do” list :)
    it’s a big project so will take a week or two :)

    Reply
  31. Oscar Post author

    take a look at this post: https://oscarliang.com/cheap-250-mini-quad-recommendation/
    If you don’t need FPV for now, just get the components in the “Main Machine section”. Of course, choose your favourite parts.

    Reply
  32. Alexander

    I want to make my first 250 drone, never made one before and only flown with the syma x11 and other micro quads. When reading some forms i got the idea of making one myself but honestly i have no idea where to start.
    Does a 250 quad support a gopro due weight? Is it worth it?

    Lets say i take Frame X? what props will be the best and what motors?

    Could you give me some advice where to start with :) or a good direction ^^?

    Thanks,
    Alexander

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      absolutely worth it! I use a gopro on my 250 mini quad, and it actually can capture some pretty decent footage, just to give you some example.
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqp8XHnnSP4
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kf4cKEgEzdA
      The picture quality can be a lot better, but cause my lens protector has got very bad scratches on it. i will replace it very soon.

      For mini quad, the most common is 5 or 6 inch. 6 inch is more powerful, but it costs more. Depends on your budget really, in this hobby, quality parts are expensive, but cheap parts aren’t necessary bad :D
      Join our facebook group, there are a lot of helpful people there, I am in there as well :)
      https://www.facebook.com/groups/Copter.Fans/

      Reply
  33. Kert

    Hello, very very nice list you have here. I have few questions, im planning to build a 250 size quad and id like to run it with naze23, flysky fs-i6 transmitter, SunnySky X2204 2300 KV motors and now i dont know should i go with 12a or 20 esc (ztw spider opto 12 or 20, simonk 12 or 20, blheli 12 or 20).
    I plan to use that oneshot and active braking also and i will try different propellers also and to use 6 inch props i will put arm extensions(maybe angled or staight).
    I will use 3s lipo, with these motors i think 1500mah (i found a 35c with good price and i hope it will be good for this quad) would be good lightweight or what do you think? And 4s i will leave for further future.
    FPV system i have is quite cheap, Quanum DIY FPV Goggle Set with boscam av receiver and CUAV FPV mini 5.8g 200mW telemetry av transmitter with clover leaf antennas and to power my goggles i have 3000mah lipo 25c (maybe too big :D)
    So can you please tell me your opinion about my set.

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      for these motor, run 6030 props and any 12A ESC should be fine. But for oneshot i would recommend BLHeli.
      for this setup, your max current should be 40A (in theory), so 1500mah 35C should be okay. (1.5 x 35 = 52.5A)

      Reply
      1. Kert

        Thank you for your answer.
        What frame would you recommend so i can use 6×3 propellers without arm extenders?

      2. Oscar Post author

        Most of the frames nowadays supports 5 and 6 inch props.
        I haven’t flown many frames, only a few cheap frames, I would recommend the ZMR250 if you are looking for an affordable learning platform :)

  34. Oscar Post author

    I heard about this motor few months ago, but I hesitated to even mention it to people because quite a few people I know didn’t have good experience with these motor: breakage when crash, doesn’t run efficently and smoothly, no punch, gets hot easy…

    Reply
  35. Oscar Post author

    Hi Damien,
    I think it’s too heavy. I would recommend capacity range between 1300mAh – 1600mAh 3S for your quad setup. (at least 35C, 45C is even better)
    To power your ground station, 1300mah 3S is absolutely fine, should give you 1.5 hour.

    Reply
    1. Damien

      Ok thanks. Yeah I see what you mean.

      So I have a gopro hd that I want to run on it (98g). With the camera attached what sort of battery would you recommend for this quad to give me 8 – 10mins flying (or as much as possible). Quad has 2300kv emax motors, carbon frame, plus fpv stuff (vtx & emax camera). Finding it quite confusing to choose as there are some many different types to choose from on HK site. I understand that weight, mah and discharge rate all come into play just unsure what is the right balance base on what i am looking to lift.

      Great post by the way has helped me allot!

      Reply
  36. Oscar Post author

    Hi Jesse,
    sorry 1.2-1.3Ghz is illegal to use here where I live, so i have only been using 5.8Ghz.
    it’s completely normal that you get cut-off and noisy images when flying in the wood, I just kind of get used to it.
    1.3Ghz definitely will do better with penetration, if it’s okay to be used where you live, it’s a far better choice than 5.8Ghz :D

    thanks
    Oscar

    Reply
  37. Oscar Post author

    hi RT
    I have not used myrcmart before. so I am not sure how the service is.
    I have seen a lot of bad reviews about the online shops I use, some of them have problems that I have never had, or they are just making a problem sound bigger than what it actually is.
    I wouldn’t worry too much really, if anything, just make a complain to them, if can’t resolve, escalate it to Paypal and they will sort it out.
    If you are still worried, check with people on the forums who has used this shop before :D

    Reply
    1. Zander

      Please disregard my post

      on closer inspection, i realised those stats were for the DYS BE 1806 (not the HKing 13 version).

      Reply
  38. Oscar Post author

    Hi Mike, Thanks for dropping and the great comment :)
    I will update the price shortly for the R220 frame.
    Feel free to let us know if you are doing any deals on quadcopter related products in your store, I am sure the readers will enjoy that too :)

    thanks
    Oscar

    Reply
  39. Andy G

    Hi Oscar. Thanks for all the information that your have shared to everyone. It has really helped me learn. I am a beginner quadcopter builder, and I am trying to build my first quadcopter based on your blog. Here is my list of parts. Please comment on how to make it better, and any other help you can give. Thanks!
    Frame: FPV250 Quadcopter
    Flight Controller KK2.1 or Naze32 Acro (I am undecided currently)
    Motor: Cobra 2204 32 1960KV Motors
    Propellers: Gerfan 5030
    ESC’s 12A Blue Series Brushless Speed Controller
    Battery: Turnigy Nano-tech 1300 mah 3S 25-50C Lipo Pack
    FPV Camera: Sony Super HAD Mini
    Video Transmitter: TS5823 5.8Ghz
    Video Receiver: Skyzone RC305 5.8GHz
    Antenna: Boscam 5.8GHz Cloud Spirit Circular Polarized Antenna
    Onboard Screen: Super Simple Mini OSD
    Voltage Regulator (I don’t know which one to use)

    Also, would $300 be a reasonable budget
    Thanks for everything!

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      Hi Andy,
      Frame and FC – For the FPV250 frame, it’s designed for 50mm Flight controllers, KK2.1 is a 50mm FC, Naze32 is 36mm. If you want to use Naze32, you might find it difficult to mount, you might need to drill some holes on the frame. But Naze32 is definitely a better FC, but more difficult to setup than KK2.
      Motor – get the 2300KV version instead, 1960KV is for 4S batteries. (3S is easier for first time quad builders, cheaper, and you don’t need voltage regulator for your FPV gear)
      voltage regulator – you don’t need one if you are using 3S lipo.
      The rest look fine, and yes, i think those parts should cost around $300.

      Join our Facebook Group if you want (link on sidebar, just above the globe), there are many helpful people there :)

      thanks
      Oscar

      Reply
  40. Oscar Post author

    Hi! I think it’s pretty obvious from the part list what choices you have and what the cheapest parts are.
    If you want to know how a particular part perform, check out the review link.

    you don’t have to put the FPV gear on, if just for flying around and practising, that’s totally fine.
    If you still have any technical questions, please let me know.

    thanks
    Oscar

    Reply
  41. JohnO

    Fantastic entry on a fantastic site! I’ve been researching items to build a mini-quad since September, and this surely would have sped up my research.

    I decided to go with the HoverThings Flip 260. They also make a 250-sized quad.

    hoverthings.com/frame-sets/flip260anodized.html
    hoverthings.com/frame-sets/flip250s.html

    I haven’t seen detailed build logs, but there is a good thread on RC Groups. I do intend to create a build log as I’ve just started my build.

    rcgroups.com/forums/showthread.php?t=2161929

    John

    You may wish to add this to your list.

    Reply
  42. Romeo Barrara aka Massive Overkill

    Just want to say that I love your stuff Oscar and to keep up the good work. It’s really hard to find unbiased reviewersbloggers nowadays.

    Reply
  43. Jerry

    Thanks a ton for this list! I have three questions (bear with me I’m a noob planning my first BO 250 quad)

    1) When you wrote the 3S : 5030 @ 9.0A, for the DYS motor, does this mean that I need an ESC with more than 9A burst or average?

    2) Then when calculating my C rating for 3s I would use 36/1.3 for 9A or would I use whatever the ESC was rated (12A oe 20A)

    3) How do I know how much thrust I’m going to need per motor?

    ~Thanks so much

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      No problem :)
      1) that’s the constant current at 100% throttle, so you need ESCs that support 9A constant current.
      2) It’s up to you really. If you match the ESC rated current (12A or 20A), it potentially gives you room for prop upgrade, e.g. from 5030 to 5040. if you are going to stick with 5030 prop forever, it’s fine to just match the actually max current draw.
      3) what i usually do is, choose everything you want first, don’t worry about motor thrust for now. After you have done that, you should now know how much your quad weights, and you can then check if your motors are powerful enough. If not, go pick a better motor (you might also need to change ESC/Prop/Battery), now re-adjust the total weight, check again…
      Hope that helps!

      Reply
      1. Jerry

        Ok thanks a ton for the help!

        Just to clarify, on #3, to find how much the quad weighs (mine weighs 527) so I do 527g/ 4 motors and I need 131 thrust per?

      2. Oscar Post author

        In this case, you need at least 262 per motor, so 1054g thrust by four motors, double of weight. That allows you to hover the quad at 50% throttle at least.
        But sometimes people are “crazy”, and they go way higher on thrust, like 500g, even 1000g motors (per motor!) of course, there is no upper limit on how higher you should go. Only problem is it’s more difficult to control the quad, when it has so much power, imagine you can hover at 20% throttle :)

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