Which FPV System Should You Buy in 2024? Analog, DJI, HDZero, Walksnail Avatar

by Oscar
Fpv Systems Vtx Camera Goggles

Entering the world of FPV drone flying can be quite daunting, especially with all the different FPV systems available to choose from: analog, DJI, Walksnail and HDZero. Understanding the purpose, cost, and capabilities of each system is crucial in making an informed decision that best suits your needs.

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Having flown all FPV systems, I can confidently say that no perfect system exists. Each system has its pros and cons, and what’s best for one pilot might not be the best for another.

In this buyer’s guide, I aim to provide a concise overview of all the popular FPV systems. For further details, feel free to check out my individual review for each system on my website.

What is an FPV System?

Dji Goggles 2 O3 Air Unit Review

Left: FPV camera and video transmitter; Right: FPV goggles with built-in video receiver

An FPV (First Person View) system enables the live streaming of video from the camera mounted on an FPV drone to your FPV goggles. This immersive experience simulates the feeling of sitting in the aircraft’s cockpit while piloting it from the ground.

An FPV system comprises a camera, a video transmitter and a video receiver. Typically, the video receiver is integrated within the FPV goggles, but standalone video receivers are also available for connecting to compatible FPV goggles.

The FPV camera is connected to the video transmitter, which wirelessly broadcasts the video feed via antennas to a video receiver. This receiver is either built into the FPV goggles or attached as an external module.

The Types of FPV systems

There are two types of FPV systems: Analog and Digital (or HD).

The distinction between digital and analog lies in the signal. An analog system works by continuously varying the amplitude or frequency of the wave, while a digital system first encodes it as ones and zeros before sending it.

Analog is the oldest, most affordable, and most prevalent technology, it’s available in 5.8GHz, 2.4GHz and 1.2/1.3GHz. In contrast, digital technology, which offers superior image quality, is newer and gaining popularity. Digital is expected to become mainstream in the near future.

Currently there are three digital FPV systems available for FPV drones, all of them are 5.8GHz systems, and none of the them are cross-compatible with each other as they are all proprietary systems. Therefore you need to make a choice about which one to go with unless you have the money for more than one of the systems:

  1. DJI
  2. HDZero
  3. Walksnail Avatar

Choosing an FPV system can be overwhelming for beginners. In the following sections, I will outline the costs, advantages, and disadvantages of each FPV system. Towards the end, I will offer recommendations based on various applications and flying styles to help you make an informed decision.

Analog FPV System

Orqa Fpv.one Pilot Fpv Goggles (analog)

Skyzone SKY04X FPV Goggles (analog)



The analog FPV system is the original technology that kickstarted FPV drones. This decades-old technology is not proprietary to any specific company, allowing anyone to create components for the system. Consequently, it is the most widely available system on the market.

Until mid-2019, analog was the only FPV option. There are dozens of cameras, video transmitters, and goggles from multiple manufacturers, all compatible with each other. Analog is the most affordable way to enter the world of FPV. If you have a limited budget, this system is ideal for you. Additionally, the lightweight and compact nature of analog video transmitters, can be an appealing factor.


  • Camera: US$15 – US$40
  • VTX: US$15 – US$40
  • FPV Goggles: US$80 – US$500

Here’s an example of analog FPV video in the goggles:


  • Affordable
  • Widely available
  • Consistent and low latency
  • A vast selection of hardware (camera, VTX, goggles) from various manufacturers, you are not locked into a single brand
  • Various feature sets and price points


  • Low image quality, akin to watching a 1970s TV with poor signal
  • More sensitive to interference and electrical noise
  • Variable hardware quality due to the vast number of manufacturers

The Best Analog Hardware

There are so many brands and options when it comes to analog hardware, it can be difficult to decide. Here are the analog FPV components I recommend:

DJI FPV System

Dji Goggles 2 O3 Air Unit Review

DJI Goggles 2 and O3 Air Unit

DJI FPV Goggles V1/V2

Runcam Link / Caddx Vista (Video Transmitter with FPV Camera)


DJI FPV is a pioneer and gold standard in digital FPV systems, known for its exceptional video quality and robustness.

The latest DjI O3 Air Unit boasts a powerful camera, comparable to an action camera, delivering superior image quality. It supports up to 1080p at 100fps for crystal clear resolution. DJI also features video-stabilizing technology, ideal for those focusing on high-quality footage. Additionally, DJI offers up to 10km video transmission, making it suitable for long-range FPV. User experience is seamless with DJI’s intuitive design and system interface, complemented by reliable customer support. The DJI FPV Goggles 2 have foldable antennas, making them easy to carry and store.

However, the DJI system has some drawbacks. First, using DJI FPV means committing to the DJI ecosystem. The latest DJI Goggles 2 and Integra do not support any other FPV systems, and you can’t use any other goggles for DJI either. Secondly, the bulky O3 Air Unit weighs 40g, making it less ideal for racing drones and smaller quadcopters. Lastly, DJI’s variable latency in low signal is not ideal for racing and aggressive flying.

The DJI system use a two-way data communication, any lost or corrupted data packets are retransmitted in order to get the best possible image. This results in higher quality image but at the expense of a higher (and variable) latency.


  • Camera/VTX: US$140 – US$229
  • FPV Goggles: US$429 – US$649

Footage from DJI FPV Goggles V2 with Runcam Link and OG camera:

Footage from the newer DJI Goggles 2 with O3 Air Unit:


  • Reliable and tested digital FPV system
  • Unparalleled image quality with the latest O3 Air Unit (arguably the best currently)
  • More robust against interference than analog
  • DJI’s V1 and V2 FPV goggles support AV input for analog systems (requires adapter and video receiver), but Goggles 2 don’t


  • You are locked into DJI’s ecosystem
  • Variable latency, not ideal for racing but less of an issue for freestyle and cruising
  • No small video transmitter, unsuitable for small FPV drones
  • No video receiver module available, you must purchase DJI’s goggles
  • DJI goggles lack HDMI input and don’t support other digital FPV systems
  • Hard limit on range: Goggles 2 + O3 limit to 23Km, Goggles 2 + Air Unit limit to 23Km, Goggles V1/V2 + Air Unit limit to 12Km. However if you don’t fly these distance it doesn’t matter to you, which is the case for most people

DJI Compatibility

DJI FPV system compatibility can be confusing for newcomers, since there are now two “generations”. The old hardware (DJI FPV Goggles V1/V2 and Caddx Vista/Runcam Link) was already considered the best FPV system in terms of image quality, the newer hardware (DJI Goggles 2/Integra and O3 Air Unit) just took it to a whole new level. Long story short, the new hardware is backward compatible with the old hardware, to learn more please check out my review of the DJI Goggles 2 and O3 Air Unit Review: https://oscarliang.com/dji-o3-air-unit-fpv-goggles-2/

The Best DJI Hardware

Here are the DJI FPV components I recommend:

How to Choose Between DJI FPV Goggles V2 and DJI Goggles 2?

While the O3 shows slightly higher latency than the original FPV system (e.g., Goggles V2 and Vista), this is probably due to more processing is involved to enhance image quality and penetration, which in my opinion compensate for it.

The V2 goggles use LCD displays, which tends to deliver images in varying blocks or chunks, results in inconsistency in delay. The Goggles 2 uses OLED displays, scan images progressively from top to bottom, delivers more consistent latency.

For the lowest possible latency with DJI systems, the V1 or V2 goggles paired with Vista or the DJI air unit in low latency mode are recommended. But to be fair, the Goggles 2 and O3’s latency isn’t drastically higher in the 100FPS mode and most people probably couldn’t tell the difference. I’d avoid other modes though (especially 60fps, 50fps and 30fps modes) as their latencies are significantly higher and harder to fly with.


Hdzero Fpv Goggles Front

HDZero FPV Goggles

Hdzero Freestyle Vtx Video Transmitter Close Up Bottom

One of HDZero’s VTXs


Before HDZero, most drones relied on an analog video system operating at standard definition and 30fps. But the HDZero system has disrupted that norm. Although it technically runs at 720p at 60fps, or 540p at 90fps, not quite as high as 1080p offered by DJI and Walksnail, the image quality is still a massive step-up from analog, particularly during high-speed maneuvers.

The clarity allows you to set up your racing lines earlier and more precisely, elevating your performance. Being able to clearly see gates from a distance in high definition is a true game-changer.

Latency is everything in drone racing. The HDZero system was designed from the ground up to minimize latency. Remarkably, it even outperforms analog systems, providing an ultra-smooth, near-instantaneous response.

Racing pilots favor HDZero due to its fixed latency design. Unlike DJI and Walksnail Avatar, which has variable latency based on signal strength, HDZero maintains consistent video transmission latency, allowing pilots to time maneuvers accurately.

The HDZero FPV Goggles have a built-in HDZero receive, but also supports analog receivers like TBS Fusion, and compatible with the Walksnail Avatar VRX, making them the most versatile FPV Goggles.

While all other digital systems uses two-way data communication, HDZero uses a one-way communication so any lost or corrupted data packets end up showing as “sparkles” (emulating analog interference) on the screen. This means that you get the best possible fixed latency image but at the expense of image quality which tends to be poorer.


  • Camera/VTX: US$100 – US$150
  • FPV Goggles: US$240 – US$495

Footage from the HDZero FPV System:


  • Better image quality and latency than analog, with half the latency of other digital FPV systems in 90fps
  • Fixed latency, regardless of signal strength and distance
  • Excellent low-light performance compared to other digital FPV systems
  • Lightweight video transmitter available for micro FPV drones
  • Video receiver module available and can be used with existing analog goggles with HDMI input
  • HDZero FPV Goggles support Avatar system and analog
  • The 90fps camera and goggles combo offers one of the most smooth FPV experiences


  • Inferior image quality compared to other HD systems
  • The 90FPS mode only works at lower 540p resolution
  • Personally I found it to be less intuitive to use than other systems
  • Distracting static when signal strength weakens similar to analog, which also affect overall image quality

Check out my HDZero reviews where you will also find a list of the hardware avaiable: https://oscarliang.com/hdzero-digital-fpv-system/

The Best HDZero Hardware

Here are the HDZero FPV components I recommend:

Walksnail Avatar

Walksnail Avatar Goggles X Fpv

Walksnail Avatar HD Goggles X

Walksnail Avatar Hd Pro V2 Kit Original Camera Lens Compare

Walksnail Avatar VTX V1/V2 with FPV camera


The Walksnail Avatar system is the latest addition to the digital FPV landscape, notable for its high-quality image and compatibility with multiple FPV goggles.

The way Walksnail works is more similar to DJI than HDZero. Like DJI, Walksnail uses a two-way communication. Any lost or corrupted data packets are retransmitted in order to get the best possible image. This results in higher quality image but at the expense of a higher, variable latency. Variable latency can be problematic for pilots who rely on real-time feedback for tight turns and obstacle avoidance.

The good news is Walksnail introduced Race Mode in late 2023, it scales down the video resolution from 720p/1080p to 540p to prioritize link performance, minimizing lag and stablizing latency. This is a welcome feature for racers and people who fly aggressively and willing to sacrifice image quality for improved latency.

At the time of writing, Walksnail is perhaps the most versatile HD systems out there. They offer solutions to a wide range of applications.


  • Camera/VTX: $109-$150
  • FPV Goggles: $279 – $599

Here’s some footage from the Walksnail Avatar System:


  • A truly versatile system
  • The flagship goggles – Avatar Goggles X support Avatar system as well as analog and HDZero
  • Very close to DJI’s original FPV system in terms of image quality (ie.,Goggles V2 with Vista)
  • Offers FPV goggles, as well as video receiver module for compatibility with existing goggles with HDMI input
  • Budget-friendly goggles available that support Walksnail natively for under $300
  • Lightweight cameras and video transmitters available for micro FPV drones
  • More robust than analog against interference
  • Similar to DJI, signal breakup can cause video stutter or freeze, but helpful red linking warning on screen edges indicates low signal, a great feature that other systems lack
  • Race mode available for lower and consistent latency


  • Some features are still work in progress and not working as well as expected, such as audience mode, 1080p, high bitrate etc.
  • When using the receiver module, depending on the goggles you are using it with, latency might be too high to be enjoyable due to the HDMI connection. It’s best to use the Avatar goggles.

Check out my Walksnail Avatar review: https://oscarliang.com/walksnail-avatar-digital-fpv-system/

The Best Walksnail Hardware

Here are the Walksnail FPV components I recommend:



Undoubtedly, the cost remains a significant deciding factor for many. While all HD systems are pricier than their analog counterpart, it’s essential to consider the longevity and repair costs. High-end goggles, cameras, and video transmission systems, especially for HD setups, can be quite heavy on the pocket, especially if they malfunction. And if you own multiple quads, the costs add up quickly.

Video Quality

There’s no denying that digital FPV systems offer a significant upgrade to image quality compared to analog. If you’ve ever experienced a low-end analog FPV video, the transition to digital will certainly leave you in awe.

Comparing the video quality between DJI, Avatar, and HDZero, it’s evident that DJI is the top contender, excelling in both image quality and signal penetration. The latest O3 Air Unit and Goggles 2 from DJI deliver stunning visuals that make you feel like you’re flying through a GoPro. Walksnail Avatar follows as a close second in terms of video quality.

On the other hand, HDZero’s video quality doesn’t quite measure up to DJI and Walksnail. Instead, its visuals resemble an upgraded analog system, with a somewhat less crisp and sharp image, and occasional static. Regardless, each system has its own unique strengths and weaknesses, so it’s crucial to assess your specific FPV requirements and priorities before choosing the ideal system for your needs.

Range and Penetration

Range and penetration are critical aspects that FPV pilots need to consider when choosing between different FPV systems. Analog video, Walksnail, DJI, and HDZero each offer varying degrees of range and penetration, influenced by factors such as technology, output power and environment.

It’s important to note that all FPV systems have been proved to be long-range capable, provided you have the right antenna setup and utilize the appropriate output power.

When it comes to HDZero, its range and penetration are comparable to analog. However, keep in mind that HDZero’s maximum output power is capped at 1W, whereas some analog VTXs can reach up to 2.5W.

In terms of signal penetration, DJI and Walksnail generally outperform analog and HDZero. And DJI has the edge over Walksnail, as Walksnail’s maximum power (1200mW) isn’t quite as consistent as DJI’s performance.

Another important factor to consider is your flying environment. HDZero may not perform as well as DJI and Walksnail when it comes to penetration, making it potentially less effective when flying inside buildings or maneuvering behind obstacles. That being said, all these systems can be used for long-range in line-of-sight, and can achieve over 10km with the proper antenna setup.


Latency, also known as “glass to glass latency,” refers to the time it takes for an image to travel from the camera to your goggles’ screen. Low latency is essential when flying near objects or at high speeds, as it can make a difference in how connected you feel to your drone’s movement and your ability to react quickly.

In general, analog and HDZero systems boast the lowest latency at around 10 to 20ms (whole frame update). Meanwhile, DJI and Walksnail exhibit slightly higher latency, at approximately 30 to 60ms depending on resolution and frame rate. While low latency is crucial, it’s important to note that its impact on flying varies from person to person, given the differences in individual reaction times. The popularity of DJI and Walksnail systems suggests that their higher latency levels don’t pose a significant issue for most users.

It’s also vital to consider fixed and variable latencies in FPV systems. Analog and HDZero offer fixed latency, maintaining consistent latency throughout a flight. On the other hand, Walksnail and DJI systems feature variable latency, which can fluctuate based on video link strength. However you should keep in mind that variable latency helps preserve image quality and is one of the reasons why DJI and Walksnail have better penetration.

In my opinion, while latency is an important factor, it’s not a major concern for the current FPV systems available, unless you’re racing at a professional level. In such cases, prioritizing latency over image quality is advisable.

Interference and Break-up Handling

Analog signals are prone to interference from the surrounding environment, which can affect the continuity and quality of your video feed. Conversely, digital signals, especially those from Walksnail and DJI systems, are less susceptible to interference, ensuring consistent video quality throughout your flight.

Each FPV system handles break-up differently when the signal weakens. In analog systems, you may encounter static and flicker. HDZero, on the other hand, may produce white blocks on the screen. Walksnail’s break-up manifests as smearing with red light blinking on the screen’s edges, serving as a low signal warning. DJI systems become blocky, reducing detail but might remain somewhat flyable.

Community Engagement

Community support plays a vital role in the development and improvement of FPV systems. HDZero and Walksnail have established a strong track record of actively engaging with their user community, listening to feedback, and implementing improvements accordingly. This strong relationship has allowed these systems to evolve rapidly, addressing users’ needs and preferences.

On the other hand, DJI tends to follow a more bureaucratic approach, which can result in slower implementation of new features or improvements. While DJI systems may offer top-notch performance, their responsiveness to user feedback and community involvement might not be as strong as that of HDZero and Walksnail.

Choosing the Right FPV System for You

Fpv Systems Vtx Camera Goggles

I wish I could recommend a single, best FPV system for everyone, but the reality is that each system has its own strengths and weaknesses. They cater to different needs and preferences, so your choice will depend on what aspects matter most to you.

If you need help to decide what FPV camera and VTX to pick, I have these buyer’s guides which you might find useful:

Digital or Analog?

If your budget allows for it, go digital! The superior image quality provides an immersive FPV experience that analog just can’t match. As the market moves toward digital technology and prices continue to drop, more pilots are making the switch. Some are exclusively flying digital systems, while others use a combination of both analog and digital. The choice ultimately comes down to personal preference and individual pilot needs.

With three solid digital systems available—DJI, HDZero, and Walksnail—making a choice can be challenging. To help you decide, consider the following factors and scenarios:

  • If you value image quality and range above all else, go for the DJI FPV system. This is an excellent choice for those who prioritize stunning visuals and long-range capabilities.
  • If flexibility is key, and you want a system suitable for freestyle, long-range cruising, and various drone sizes, and still offers fantastic image, choose Walksnail. The new 540p Race mode also makes it possible to race with.
  • If you like racing or just want the lowest latency possible, HDZero is the one. It’s also a versatile system that offers support for micro drones and long range.

The Cheapest FPV System

For those on a budget, analog is the way to go. Analog VTXs are generally more compact in size compared to digital, making them easier to install in drones, especially tiny ones. Additionally, there are more options to choose from based on your specific requirements.

Between digital FPV systems, the price differences may be small, but DJI comes out ahead since antennas are included, and the prices of their goggles have come down considerably recently. The Avatar goggles comes with antennas, but they are known to be unusable and require aftermarket replacements. HDZero doesn’t come with antennas at all.

If you only fly analog, it’s best not to spend too much on premium analog goggles right now. Instead, opt for something affordable and save up for a digital system. In fact, the HDZero FPV Goggles are a good choice for analog, as they also allow you to fly with HDZero. They are also the best goggles for the Walksnail Avatar VRX module, as they are the only non-Walksnail goggles that support 100fps mode, giving you a latency advantage compared to other goggles that only support 60fps.

For Beginners

If you’re new to FPV flying, an analog system might be a cost-effective choice that offers low latency, allowing you to develop your piloting skills without investing too much initially.

For Freestyle

While the HDZero might not be my first choice for freestyle flight, I believe it has great potential for racing and small drones like ‘tiny whoops’. The reduced latency of HDZero gives it a competitive edge in these scenarios.

On the other hand, DJI shines when it comes to image clarity and signal penetration, making it a better choice for freestyle flight where high-quality visuals and signal reliability are paramount.

One drawback with HDZero I found was the noticeable image breakup, particularly when flying in areas with a high level of interference. Despite the superior latency, I felt a trade-off with image quality which was not as impressive as I expected. With DJI, I felt a heightened sense of confidence when doing dives and flying close to obstacles, as the image quality gave me a clearer view of my surroundings.

For smaller drones, Walksnail is a great alternative to DJI.

For Racing

If you’re a serious racer, Analog and HDZero are the winners due to their low latency and compatibility with race timing systems. However, statistically, more people who fly freestyle and engage in casual flying seem to prefer DJI, as it offers better image quality and penetration, despite the slightly higher latency. The impact of this latency on your flying experience is debatable.

Between Analog and HDZero, I think Analog might still be the more suitable option for racers because of its affordability, lightweight, and robustness, which is important since crashes are common in racing. But with the latest 90fps camera and 90Hz goggles from HDZero, offering more immersive, butter smooth flying experience, it’s becoming a harder decision to make.

For Cinematic and Commercial Work

If capturing stunning footage is your primary goal, a DJI system will provide exceptional image quality, fantastic penetration, mature and reliable hardware, and a user-friendly experience.

The only exception would be if you’re flying a very small micro quad on set, in which case DJI might not be the top choice.
If you want DJI-like performance but dislike the company for whatever reasons, Walksnail is a suitable DJI-alternative.

For Micro Drones

Micro FPV drones are an important part of the FPV community, as many pilots fly primarily or exclusively small quads.

DJI isn’t an ideal choice for micro drones due to the lack of small camera and video transmitter options. Even its smallest VTX (The Runcam link aka Vista) is evidently too heavy and bulky for micro drones, to be more specifically, anything smaller than a 2-inch drone. The new O3 Air unit is even larger and heavier than the Vista. The smallest drone that can comfortably carry a Vista is likely a 3″ or 4″ drone. Although you can remove the heatsink and create a so-called “naked vista” or “naked O3“, this risks overheating, and the unit is still too heavy, impacting flight performance noticeably.

On the other hand, both Walksnail and HDZero offer tiny VTX specifically designed for micro drones. These transmitters are small and lightweight enough even for 1S Tiny Whoops. Of course, analog remains a great choice for small FPV drones as well. Between Walksnail and HDZero, I’d prefer the Walksnail for non-competitive flying as it offers superior image quality.

Betafpv Meteor75 1s Tiny Whoop Walksnail Avatar Mini Vtx Connect Fc

Avatar 1S VTX in a tiny whoop

For Long Range

When it comes to long-range FPV flying, all systems have the potential to perform well, depending on factors such as output power and antenna setup. However, there is a notable difference between analog and digital systems in terms of output power capacity.

There are Analog VTXs with up to 2.5W output power available, while digital VTXs typically have a maximum output power between 1W and 1.2W. Due to this higher output power capacity, analog systems hold the edge for extreme long-distance FPV flying. But as mentioned, all these systems can achieve 10km+, for most people it’s really not a concern.

Important Note: The DJI FPV systems seem to have a hard limit on range, with the v2 system (e.g. Vista and Goggles V2) at about 13 to 14 kilometres, and the O3 system (e.g. O3 Air Unit and Goggles 2) at around 23 to 24 kilometres. This constraint isn’t related to the device’s GPS or the location of the controller but seems to be rooted in the communication protocol / propagated signal between the air unit and the goggles.

The Most Versatile Goggles

If versatility is your top priority, the HDZero Goggles are likely the best choice, as they support 3 out of the 4 FPV systems. They have a built-in HDZero receiver module, an HDMI input for use with the Avatar receiver module, and a built-in receiver module bay for analog. However, purchasing all the extra modules and antennas can be costly, and the setup may be messy with multiple modules mounted on the goggles.

The DJI FPV Goggles V2 are the next most versatile option, featuring AV input for compatibility with analog FPV systems and support for DJI’s latest O3 Air Unit. Both the Avatar FPV Goggles and the latest DJI Goggles 2 lack video inputs (no HDMI or AV input), making them incompatible with other FPV systems.

It’s important to note that most mid/top-tier analog FPV goggles have HDMI inputs, so they can be paired with Avatar and HDZero VRX modules. DJI does not offer a video receiver module, so their system can only be used with their own goggles.

While video receiver modules can be useful, they tend to be cumbersome, with messy cabling and added weight. If you already have a pair of compatible goggles, using a video receiver module might be a more affordable solution, but it’s generally recommended to invest in goggles with native support to make life easier.

For Low Light

Among the available cameras for each system, HDZero appears to perform the best in low light conditions. While most pilots fly during daylight hours, even at sunset, all FPV systems can handle these conditions reasonably well with the appropriate camera settings. If you primarily fly at night, HDZero is perhaps the best choice, and analog can also excel in low light with the right camera, thanks to its vast range of hardware options.

Ease of Setup

Analog is probably the easiest to setup, it’s just a matter of connecting the camera and VTX, selecting the right channel in your goggles, and you should have video! Plus, there are no constant firmware updates to worry about.

Digital FPV systems require additional configurations and an understanding of the settings before you can begin flying. You’ll also need to keep track of new firmware and decide whether to update. That’s why I’ve published detailed tutorials for each FPV system to help you overcome the steep learning curve:

If you are using the older DJI system (before Goggles 2 and O3 Air Unit), you should “root” the hardware to get full Betaflight OSD support.

Onboard Audio

It may be an unusual request, but some pilots occasionally ask about FPV systems that support onboard audio, as they want to listen to motor RPM changes. Listening to motor noise might seem odd, but for some, it helps them feel more connected to their drone when flying far away and unable to hear it directly.

Currently, only analog systems support onboard audio (if the VTX has an onboard microphone and the FPV goggles have audio output). Digital FPV systems aren’t designed for audio, and most VTX units don’t even have onboard microphones. However, DJI FPV Air Unit and FPV Goggles V1 can enable real-time audio after rooting them and installing WTFOS and the required package, but the audio delay might not be ideal.

Walksnail or DJI?

For years, DJI has been the go-to FPV system for many, but Walksnail is quickly catching up and is worth considering for some. Let me explain why.

Walksnail seems to have strategically targeted areas where DJI falls short. While it doesn’t quite match DJI’s range or image quality, Walksnail stands out in several ways:

  • Cost is lower.
  • They introduced a 1s video transmitter tailored for smaller drones.
  • Their new 540p race mode, although latency is still not as low as HDZero, it outperforms the latency of both original Walksnail (standard mode) as well as DJI’s.
  • Walksnail’s low-light camera outshines its competitors.

To put it simply, while DJI excels spectacularly in some areas, it completely misses the mark in others. Walksnail, on the other hand, is not the best in every area, but is doing decently across the board. It’s therefore a more versatile system.

Will Digital Replace Analog?

Analog FPV system has long been a popular choice for many pilots, thanks to their affordability and widespread availability. Even years after the launch of digital systems, there are still a good selection of analog goggles on the market, suggesting a sustained demand for analog options.

One of the main reasons analog FPV drones may continue to be used is their lower cost compared to digital systems. It is unlikely that digital hardware will match analog in terms of cost any time soon.

While it’s true that the market for analog is shrinking and fewer companies are producing gear for it, shifting their focus towards the digital market, it seems improbable that analog FPV drones will be entirely replaced by digital systems in the foreseeable future. Factors such as cost, simplicity, hardware availability, and the continued demand for affordable FPV drone options indicate that analog systems will continue to have a place in the FPV drone community.


Ready to order the FPV Goggles? Check out my FPV Goggles buyer’s guide where I break down the top FPV headsets for each system, helping you find the perfect match to enhance your flying adventures: https://oscarliang.com/fpv-goggles/

When it comes to choosing the right FPV system, there is no one-size-fits-all answer. The best option for you depends on your priorities, flying style, and budget. By understanding the components and performance of different FPV systems, you can make an informed decision that best suits your needs and preferences.

Edit History

  • Feb 2023 – article created
  • Oct 2023 – updated

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Muchamad Ramdany 8th May 2024 - 12:34 pm

Hello my brother, in advance I am very grateful for all your reviews, it is very useful to add insight, I want to ask my brother, I use google 2, if I use caddx nebula pro for small drones, what should I do, upgrade it or do wtfos, what are the differences, advantages and disadvantages, please explain my brother

Oscar 13th May 2024 - 5:00 pm

You will need to upgrade the vista to V01.01.0000 firmware. No need to do WTFOS (in fact if you already done it you have to uninstall it first), for more info:

FPVic 13th November 2023 - 10:54 pm

Really nice article! Did you consider adding a paragraph “cheapest digital” as in “buying used DJI v1 (vista gen) stuff”?

Oscar 14th November 2023 - 3:42 am

The V1 and V2 goggles are no longer in production, so if you’re looking to buy these, you’ll likely be purchasing them second-hand. This means you can expect a broad range of prices which is hard to predict, depending on their condition and the seller. Currently, the most budget-friendly option (1st hand) for a digital system is the Walksnail. I might add some info about this later, thanks for the reminder!

Gabriel Staples 25th October 2023 - 8:36 am

I’ve been reading your website for days (probably 20+ hours now). I just want to say, **Thank you so much** for all of your information. I’m prepping to get into FPV and even with all of the experience I have it’s absolutely non-understandable and so overwhelming without your guides and details. Example: What the heck is there a gyro for on the VTX? Oh, it’s for digital image stabilization. You taught me that. Thanks. I’m planning on going with the Fat Shark Dominator HD goggles and Walksnail Avatar HD Pro V2 camera and VTX.

Rc fpv enthusiast 19th August 2023 - 8:33 am

Hello! I’ve a question: if I have a caddx nebula vista micro already connected to a battery and activated via Dji Assistant 2, is there a digital monitor that I could get the image to from the vista? I don’t want to connect it to a flight controller as I want to put this in a RC car and get the video feed on to the monitor which I will later install on the remote. Thanks!

Ryan 19th April 2023 - 4:15 am

Super curious, and I haven’t been able to get the answer exactly, but with analog the overlay is basically modifying the incoming analog video before it gets to the vtx, which I think suggests that the flight controllers have to be specific to the HD system you use to get usable overlay or is there a standard way to add overlay (i.e. all hd systems can use all modern flight controllers)

Oscar 19th April 2023 - 10:45 am

For HD systems, the OSD overlay is added inside the goggles, not in the flight controller. All HD systems can use all modern flight controllers.

Dustin 28th October 2023 - 8:12 pm

Does HD=digital or high definition? Is there such a thing as HD analog? And how do you use an HD Goggle like the walk snail avatar goggle x , to fly older analog drones? ( mines are TBS nano mostly. ) planning on going digital in the near future.

Oscar 30th October 2023 - 5:03 pm

HD is just another term people use for digital FPV systems.
There’s no such thing as HD analog, but you won’t stop people in marketing saying that.
To use analog on the Avatar Goggles X, you can use any analog receiver (such as TBS fusion or Rapidfire), but you will need an adapter that connects to the goggles via the AV IN port. The adapter isn’t available yet, I’ve been seen different design concepts in the Walksnail facebook group so these should be available soon.

JD Dupuy 9th February 2023 - 1:58 pm

I have all of the FPV systems except for Orca. My HDO2 fill that void. DJI is my favorite with the Goggles 2 and O3 air units in 4 quads. DJI V2 and Air and Vista VTXs in about 8 quads. Walksnail Avatar in 4 of my quads and 2nd best system. HD Zero the new kid on the block. Flown my EMAX Apex that come HD Zero ready with the VRX module on my Fatshark HDO2. Building 2 new quads with the Freestyle VTX currently. So my experience similiar to yours. Thanks!

FPV Competicion 31st July 2023 - 4:32 pm

Similar situation to yours, except I have not the Goggles 2 and use the O3 with the V2.

In image quality and penetration by this moment the DJI are the best for me. Avatar is near in image quality (probably even better than mos of the DJIs except the O3), and it has the flexibility of being able to be used on small drones.

I use the HDZero in my Eachine EV200D goggles, and by the moment is my less fav (probably I will sell the 2 vtx I have to buy more small Avatar ones).

I would choose DJI if you are using 3″ or over 3″ drones.

I would choose Avatar if you use also drones under 3″.

HDZero is not my choice now, and analog… well, I am trying to escape from it.

Kevin 9th February 2023 - 10:54 am

Excellent overview! I fly both DJI and HDZero about 50/50. DJI 03 and the HDZero goggles are two of the best product innovations in FPV for a long while IMO. I think DJI V2 goggles with Vista’s are the best bang for the buck at the moment, especially if you turn to the second hand market. I have a hard time flying analog anymore, I’ve been spoiled with digital.

Tyler 28th January 2023 - 6:49 pm

Wonderful as always. So if you go with one of the 3 “proprietary” systems what are you locked into using? The VTX that is compatible with that system? The camera?

Oscar 29th January 2023 - 1:10 am

Pretty much all the hardware, yes!
For each system, there might be one or two 3rd parties that make a couple of cameras for them, but the options are extremely limited.

Dano 21st January 2023 - 9:49 am

NO one brings up the horrible breakup on HDzero, I got away from analog to get away from breakup lines, while HDzero is not near as bad, they are still there, Avatar or Like MY DJI, NO breakup lines and why is it called HDzero, there is no “ZERO” digital lines there is still some breakup. I have seen the video recording from HDZero I would not want to spend $500 to $600 and put up with digital breakup thats not a whole lot better than analog breakup, wasnt that the purpose of going to digital, NO BREAKUPS, if your HD TV got those same breakup lines over your cable system you would be right on the phone demanding they fix it, so until HDzero can get “ZERO” breakup lines is not a finished product yet.

Oscar 21st January 2023 - 2:04 pm

It’s a double edge sword for sure. Some people prefer to have some static showing up when signal gets weak as a sign of warning, because in DJI/Avatar the video can just freeze on your all of a sudden if you are not paying attention to signal strength. But without static the video feed surely looks a lot better. There are pros and cons.

Aviphysics 20th January 2023 - 2:18 am

HDZero max FPS is 90hz, not 120hz
HDZero goggles also support 100hz on Avatar VRX

Scott 14th January 2023 - 4:07 pm

Thank you for the comprehensive article. I’m struggling with either purchasing the DJI 03 unit and using my V2 goggles or purchasing the Goggles 2 to use them with my 3 quadcopters each with the Vista unit? Which option would be the best through the goggles visual upgrade?

Oscar 14th January 2023 - 8:33 pm

Honestly I think you should stick with the V2 goggles for now. They are more comfortable to wear (for me), and even has slightly lower latency (120fps) than the Goggles 2 (100fps). Some users even reported better video link with the V2 (possibly just because they are using better aftermarket antennas).
Until DJI gives the Goggles 2 a killer new feature in future firmware updates, I think the V2 is still a great value goggles.

Max 2nd December 2023 - 12:55 am

I want to love from v2 to G2 or íntegras but I really afraid about de little fov and little screen could affect my freestyle skills and habilities beause of the óptica limitación… some advise friends or maybe its and irreal problem… ill be thankfull for your advise

Oscar 2nd December 2023 - 11:30 am

Obviously this is going to be a personal preference. But for me the Goggles 2 FOV is big enough, in fact a little too big, and I have to scale it down to 90% in the settings to see everything clearly around the corners. So personally I don’t think FOV is going to be an issue really moving from the V2.

Steve M 14th January 2023 - 3:22 pm

I absolutely love your simplified breakdowns for peoples like myself just trying to understand everything involved into fpv. It seems overwhelming…

Mike M 14th January 2023 - 3:27 am

Not sure if you’ve have had time to review, or even if you’d agree if you have, but I think HDZero is the best analog goggle right now. Especially after the recent price drop.
Just bringing it up because your link to the best analog goggles shows HDO2 and SKY04, which perhaps were the best choices at the time.
I think the new HDZ 90fps camera will also elevate that system as the racers choice.

Oscar 14th January 2023 - 10:00 am

Yea my goggles post need an update very soon!

Craig 13th January 2023 - 9:55 am

Hi Oscar, do you know if you can get quad onboard mic audio on the HDZero goggles (when using an analogue receiver attachment)? Cheers