VTX/VRX Latency – 5.8Ghz Analog FPV System

Have you ever wondered how much delay our VTX and VRX have? In this article we will test how much latency our 5.8Ghz analog VRX and VTX introduce to our FPV system.

In this test I used the same method which I used to test FPV camera latency test: FPV Camera Latency Testing

I tested a few different VTX (video transmitters) and VRX (video receivers) I have available. The same camera is used to ensure the results are consistent.

Testing Targets

VTX

VRX

I used the Runcam Eagle 2 as the FPV camera. VTX and VRX antennas are placed about 20cm away from each other. With the Dominator V2, I am getting the video signal from the “video out” port.

How much latency do VTX and VRX have?

Testing Targets Max (ms) Min Average
Eagle 2 33.8 15.2 24.6
VTX03 + Uno + Eagle2 35.0 15.5 25.5
Hawkeye + Uno + Eagle2 35.3 15.6 25.6
VTX03 + True-D + Eagle2 34.6 15.3 25.2
Hawkeye + True-D + Eagle2 34.8 15.2 25.3

The result shows that my VTX and VRX have less than 1ms delay in average, which is quite insignificant compared to the 20ms-30ms delay of most  popular FPV cameras out there today.

It’s interesting to note that the the different VRX’s made a more noticeable difference to the delay than the VTX’s. But the difference is within 0.5ms which is nearly impossible to tell in real life.

Image processing is what cause delay in our FPV system. I think our result is reasonable since there is not much processing going on in these devices I tested. However it would be interesting to see if products like ClearView would have any impact to the latency, because they do much more processing on the signal which could introduce delay to the system.

Questions and comments

Would the distance between VTX and VRX distance change the result?

I don’t think placing VTX further away from VRX (or closer) would make much of a difference to the latency, since electromagnetic signals travels as fast as light. Sometimes we see some form of “delay” when signal is weak, just because of the dropping frames.

Do different VTX / VRX have different latency?

I think so, but I don’t think the difference is big enough to be concerned about.

Does OSD introduce latency to FPV video?

Not that I noticed in my tests, I tried it with and without OSD (Betaflight OSD on the FC) and there wasn’t a noticeable difference. (edit: MAX7456-based OSDs just draw over your video feed, that can’t cause any delay as original feed remains intact)

2 thoughts on “VTX/VRX Latency – 5.8Ghz Analog FPV System

  1. Achim Berend

    Hello Oscar!
    Thank you for your awesome work!
    Did you do a comparison of the Latency of FPV goggles or monitors also? Or do you know where to find such a comparison? Would be interesting to see how much latency a Fatshark or skyzone or Aomway Goggle actually adds to the system.
    Keep up your fantastic work!

    Reply
    1. Oscar Post author

      Hey Achim
      that’s a good suggestion, but the cost of doing that comparison would be much greater than that of FPV cameras. And the testing requirement might be different from what we have with cameras. I might do that in the future, not right now though.

      Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Are you Robot? *

I only check blog comments once or twice a week, if you want a quick reply you can post your question on this forum IntoFPV.com... You might get a faster response from me there (multirotor related only).