How to change motor direction in a quadcopter?

There are two main ways to change motor direction in a quadcopter. You can either swap the wires, or do it from the software configuration. in this tutorial I will show you how.

Further Reading:

Check if your motors are spinning the correct direction

If you are building a new quadcopter, you have to make sure the motors are spinning the correct direction before putting propellers on for your first flight. If one or multiple motors are spinning the wrong direction, the quad will flip over at take off.

This is the default motor spin directions in Betaflight:

If the motor spin direction is wrong, you can easily change it by using one of the following methods.

Swap two of the motor wires

By swapping ANY 2 out of 3 motor wires to the ESC, you can easily reverse the rotation direction of the motor. Doesn’t matter which two, the result would be the same.

Change Motor Direction by swapping wires

Change Motor Direction by swapping wires

Reverse motor direction in BLHeliSuite software

If you don’t like soldering, you can also easily change motor direction in the BLHeliSuite program (if you are using BLHeli ESC’s). This program is the configurator for your ESC that allows you to change many different settings, including motor spin direction.

Motor Direction should be set to “Normal” by default, you can change it to “Reverse” if you want the motor to spin the other direction. You also have the option to set it to “3D”, which will allow you motor to spin both directions for 3D acro flying, don’t use it unless you know what you are doing.

Further Reading: How to configure your BLHeli_32 ESC using FC pass-through?

Change Motor Direction in BLHeliSuite

Change Motor Direction in BLHeliSuite

14 thoughts on “How to change motor direction in a quadcopter?

  1. matt

    Hi first want to thank you for a Great page . and all the work you put in to helping . others in this . Amazing Hobby . I have one question if I have the Tekko esc for . dji fpv set up my computer is down and all motors are spinning the same direction . even with the 4 in 1 ESC can I do like always just cut 2 wires and Soder them togheter to get them to go the other way . Thanks a thousand
    Best Regards

  2. Christer

    Basically it’s just the same how you connect the wires? I thought maybe the middle one from motor had to be in the middle on the esc? But that is not right?

  3. Patrick Frensdorff

    Where is the CLI command for reverse motor direction of just one motor.
    Bheli aint working and tried 4 different onces.

  4. Abhinav

    Is it any way to change the motor direction midflight. As far as I’ve read on forums, people suggest some circuitry to interchange the motor wires but I need some better method preferably by software control. Please let me know about any other way of doing the same.
    PS- This is for a multirotor prototype that I am working on.

  5. Christopher M Burke

    Hiw do you wire cw motors ccw on a 4 in 1 esc? I have a set of hyperlite 2405-1722 and they are all cw.

    1. Oscar Post author

      CW motor? I guess you are talking about the thread of the shaft?
      It doesn’t matter how you wire it. Just connect the 3 motor wires, then check spin direction. If it’s wrong, then you just need to reverse it.

  6. Christopher Clayton

    This looks like it reverses all the motors; I just need to change the motor direction in one. Is that possible and if so, how? Ty

  7. Ameen Attar

    Can the direction of motors be changed remotely? or do we need to connect the laptop to the drone to change the motor rotation direction evrytime?
    please help!


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