How to Get Started with FPV Drone – The Complete Beginner Guide

by Oscar
Published: Last Updated on

So you are new to FPV drones and wondering where to start? You have come to the right place! This is the first tutorial you should read on this blog, it explains the basics of buying, building and flying an FPV drone for beginners.

What is FPV Flying?

FPV stands for First Person View.

By streaming real-time video from the camera on the drone, you are flying like a bird! It’s like you are sitting in the cockpit of the aircraft while controlling it, but your feet are actually firmly on the ground.

Pilot Controlling FPV Drone wearing FPV Goggles

FPV Drone, flying with goggles, you can see what the drone sees

Flying an FPV drone is the most surreal experience I’ve ever had. You can go anywhere in 3D space, what you can do is totally up to your imagination.

FPV Drone simulator

It’s almost like playing a video game, but if you crash in the game, your PlayStation isn’t going to hit your lounge wall at 90MPH! Believe it when we say, replacing a top tier FPV drone can be just as expensive as a new PlayStation (if not more).

The level of focus required while flying FPV is intense, and the speed and maneuverability of an FPV drone make it a truly sensational experience every time I fly.

Traditionally we fly RC models by looking at them directly without any FPV equipment, which we call “line of sight” (LOS).

Flying FPV Drones as Hobby

More and more FPV drone pilots are now flying drones on a professional level (racing and video making), but the majority of us just fly them on our days off as a hobby.

The FPV drone hobby has some of the friendliest online and offline communities I have ever experienced. Everybody helps each other out, and our local group regularly meet, fly and race together.

FPV drone racing-meetup-gate-flying

A group of friends racing together in a park

With the help of this guide, you learn to choose parts, build and repair your own quadcopter. You will also learn to tune it to fly exactly the way you want it to. Everything in this hobby is highly customizable and upgradable.


How Much Does It Cost?

You don’t have to spend a lot to fly FPV. You can start by just buying a radio controller and a simulator to practice flying.

Owning your first FPV drone is not  as expensive as DJI camera drones, but still it’s not exactly cheap either. To give you some idea:

  • Radio controller + Simulator = $100 to $400
  • FPV Goggles from $200 to $600
  • FPV Drone = from $100 to $400
  • Batteries, charger & other accessories = from $100 to $400

If custom built FPV drones are too expensive for you, there are also complete bundles you can buy (RTF Kits). They include all the components you will need to start flying for a much more affordable price. I will talk about this in a bit more detail later in this article.


Get a Taste of Flying in Simulators

“I don’t even have a drone yet, how can I learn to fly?”

You don’t need a drone to learn flying these days, there are many FPV simulators available for practice.

Crashing in FPV is exceptionally easy, so crashing virtually will save you both money and time. The physics of FPV simulators are getting more and more realistic, and the transition from a simulator to a real FPV drone is relatively indistinguishable.

Simulators can teach you the basic controls of a drone, and the muscle memory your hands require. You will also be able to use the same radio transmitter to fly the simulator and the real drone if you follow my recommendations.

Speaking from experience, I don’t think it’s a good idea to learn to fly on a full size drone. You will crash a lot in the first few days, and it’s dangerous and expensive if you crash and damage it. As you practice more, muscle memory will take over and you will crash less. Practicing in a sim in advance can accelerate that process and prepare you for it.

Here is a list of FPV flight simulators for Drone.

FPV sims are all excellent in their own ways. If you have a decent gaming PC I’d probably recommend Liftoff and DRL, and if your computer isn’t great, then Velocidrone is more likely to work well. Sims like Liftoff and Velocidrone have built-in tutorials to help you learn how to fly and learn Acro mode, which is what you really need.

learning how to fly FPV drone in computer simulators

FPV sims are probably the cheapest way to get into quadcopter flying. You can practice anytime of the day regardless the weather. It’s not exactly like flying in real life, but it’s close enough as basic training. I recommend spending 5 to 10 hours in a simulator before attempting to fly a real drone, this will help you tremendously as a complete beginner.

To fly FPV simulators, the first item you should buy is a radio controller that supports FPV simulators. That means USB HID / joystick support that is plug and play without any dongles or adapters. You can use the same transmitter to fly your drone later.

Here are my radio recommendations

Don’t use XBox console or keyboard because it’s pointless. Only using a proper transmitter will build up muscle memory and provide the full benefit of the training.


FPV Drone Overview

Let’s cover the basic terms used in this hobby to avoid any confusion later on.

What is a Drone?

The word “drone” is being used a lot these days and has become synonymous with any unmanned aircraft with an onboard camera, and sometimes a camera is not even necessary for the title! Other than for military use, most “drones” were historically used for aerial photography (AP) and were large with a heavy payload capacity for carrying cameras and equipment.

Here is a list of drones that are commonly seen in this hobby.

What is a Multirotor?

The word Multirotor (or Multicopter) covers anything that is a “copter” with more than 1 main motor or propeller. For example, a “tricopter” has 3 motors / rotors, a “quadcopter” has 4, a “hexacopter” has 6 etc. But these are all “multirotors”.

Here are the  different configurations of multirotors.

FPV Drone sizes comparison - Mini Quad F450 Quadcopter

What is a Mini Quad?

A Mini Quad is basically a small multirotor, or more specifically, a quadcopter. But most people call them FPV drones these days.

Mini quads are designed to be fast, nimble and crash-resistant, so even when you crash you can usually just pick it up and take off again. This resilience gives pilots the confidence to fly faster, through smaller gaps, and constantly push their limits to the next level.

Since this fantastic invention, we’ve seen huge progress in the power of FPV drones, increasing propeller sizes, higher battery voltage, larger motors, all coming together to give insane power-to-weight ratios of over 15:1! Turning these little toys into insane rockets, the fastest racing drone in the world is capable of reaching 180mph(~290Kmh) in a matter of seconds.

What is a Micro Quad?

A micro quad is basically an even smaller mini quad that have 3” or smaller, with a frame size (wheelbase) of 150mm or less. There is no rules really, if it’s small, it’s a micro quad :)

fpv drone size comparison - 5" Mini Quad and 2" Micro Quad

5″ Mini Quad on the left, 2″ Micro Quad on the right

FPV Drone Sizes

The size of an FPV drone is determined by the maximum propeller size it supports. For example, a 3″ drone is designed to spin 3″ propellers.

As your first build, I strongly recommend building a 5″ mini quad because it’s the most versatile platform for both freestyle flying and racing. It’s the most popular size, so advice and build logs can be easily obtained online.

The size of FPV quads have changed quite a bit throughout the years.  At the beginning, 6 inch quads were the normal. Then came 5 inch, which became the common face of FPV for a long time, and is still likely the most popular.

But as electronics get smaller and regulatory laws change, smaller drones are gaining more and more attention and popularity. The trend now is going smaller.

Of course, there is always exception to the trend. Long range has brought back 6-7 inch quads. And X-class and Beast class have made 12-13 inch quad popular. It is even hard to call the latter two “mini quads” anymore.

5-Inch

Pretty much the standard for FPV drone nowadays, excellent balance between power, efficiency, and agility, it’s great for both freestyle and racing, and even long-range. Components are larger, therefore easier to solder and maintain.

I have tutorials that show you how to build 5″ FPV drone step-by-step:

Typical build: 4-6S lipos 1000mah-1800mah, 22xx-25xx motors 1600-2800kv

4-Inch

4 inch is the middle child. This category started to get more attention when the 250g weight limit was introduced in some countries, while the 4″ is the biggest size that can achieve that without impacting performance too much.

However when building and choosing parts for a 4″ you have to be careful, because there is no parts that are specifically designed for 4″, and you have to use parts either from a 5″ or a smaller 3″.

This results in the lack of standard when it comes to motor mounts and flight controller stack size. Some frames use 13xx-15xx motor while other uses 18xx-22xx motor. (What’s Motor Size) The same goes for the stack, some uses 20mm stack while other uses 30mm stack (flight controller mounting explained).

Typical build: 3-4s lipos 600-900mah, 13xx-15xx or 18xx-22xx

2-Inch, 2.5-inch and 3-Inch

2″-3″ is becoming very popular, due in part to regulatory law that makes you register any quad over 250g. The other reason, electronics are getting smaller and more reliable, these small drones can do pretty much anything a 5 inch drone can do.

Typical build: 2-4S lipos 300-800mah, 13xx-15xx

Tiny Whoops

Tiny Whoops are ducted micro drones that typically have a 55mm-75mm diagonal (wheelbase)

They run on 1S or 2S batteries which means they are relatively low in power. The built in prop guards (aka “ducts”) can protect people and your TV from props and let you bounce off stuff and recover, great for flying in the living room.

On the flip side, the ducts make them heavier and reduces performance, making them less ideal for outside and windy use.

Most people fly them in Angle mode (stabilized mode) and race them that way too, but they’re not nearly as good for flying in Acro – which is the ultimate goal of flying outside and doing freestyle/racing on full size quads. So Tiny Whoops are fun toys and a good way to start, but a less great way for long term progress.

A typical tiny whoop weighs only around 20g including battery, and they are great fun to fly in the house, and great tools to learn flying with. Here are what I think the best tiny whoops are currently on the market.

Typical build: 1S LiPo 300-350mah, 06xx-08xx motors brushless or brushed motor

Ultralight (toothpick)

The ultra-light (or toothpick) class gets its name from the frame looking like a bunch of toothpicks tied together. As you can probably guess, they are not made to withstand crashes, but to get the most performance out of them. But they are actually pretty crash resistant because they are so small and light.

They are also very quiet, as to not annoy people and pets, and when flown on 1 to 3S batteries, typically still pretty safe around people even though they don’t have prop guards.

They can range in performance from “tame” to “extreme” – some of them can approach the level of performance in a traditional 5″ prop mini quad in terms of power to weight and sheer speed.

I have a tutorial explaining the considerations that go into choosing parts for a Toothpick build.

You can buy one pre-built and I tested a bunch to find out which is the best.

Cinewhoops

These are 3″ or smaller drones that are equipped with propellers protectors (ducts), and carries an HD camera like the GoPro for capturing cinematic footage. They are designed for slower and smooth flights, not for freestyle and acro flying.

Learn more about cinewhoop in this post.

6 Inch and 7 Inch

This category of quad is making a comeback due to the gain in popularity of long-range flying.  It is not to say that you cannot use these for freestyle. These quads are not as agile as a 5 inch and tend to be “more floaty”. The components vary quite a bit for this category depending on the style of flying you want to achieve.

Typical freestyle build: 4-6S lipos 1000-1800mah, 6-7 inch props, and 22xx-25xx motor 1500-2400kv

Typical long range build: 4-6S lipos 1500mAh or li-ion 3000mAh, 22xx-23xx motor 1300-2100kv, equipped with GPS, barometer, 433MHz or 900MHz radio system

X-Class and Beast Class

X-class and Beast class quads are the biggest in this list, and they are similar.

For a quadcopter to be considered an X-Class, the frame size should be between 800mm-1200mm (diagonal motors distance).  The props size generally are 9-13 inches.  X-class was created for spectators to be more easily see visually during the race. That’s because the smaller 5-inch FPV drones, which most race events are held for, are extremely difficult to view from the stands.

Beast class uses all the same components of an X-class, but it uses a smaller, sub-800mm frame. Beast class is supposed to perform more like a 5-inch quad than X-class.

These types of quads are not recommended for beginners at all. They are expensive to build and maintain, and they are very dangerous. Remember, with great power comes…..

Typically build: 8-12S lipos 4000-5000mah, 9-13 inch props, and 3xxx-4xxx motor.

FPV Drone Flying Style

Before choosing parts for your build, you should recognize what flying style the drone is designed for. The common flying styles are:

  • Freestyle
  • Racing
  • Long range
  • Cinemaphotography

Although not all sizes can achieve all the styles, but people still try.

Freestyle is the most popular for hobbyists. It is about free flying and doing tricks. There is no rules to how you can fly, the sky is the limit. And also, the ground, so don’t crash.

Racing is flying through a designated course. Usually consisting of gates that you have to go through. Drone Racing is like racing roller-coasters, just without the tracks. Get the most powerful parts that can take abuse while keeping the weight to minimum, this is what FPV racing is about (plus the skills).

Long Range is trying to achieve long distance flight. With this style it’s mostly low key cruising, trying to be steady with throttle to minimize current draw and maximize flight time and distance. Here are some tips to long range flying.

When talking about Cinemaphotography in FPV, there is no specific build, and it all depends on the job. Popular builds for making cinematic footage are:


Complete Bundle for Beginners

This Hobby is expensive. My FPV Goggles cost me $500, the radio setup costs me $250, the custom built drone costs $300… and what if you realize you don’t like the hobby after all?

Introducing complete RTF (read to fly) kits that are affordable, and they come with absolutely everything you need to start flying: the drone, radio, FPV goggles, battery and charger.

I most recently reviewed the BetaFPV Cetus FPV Kit and it’s a pretty good setup. Don’t even rush to fly the drone, you can connect the included radio controller to your computer and fly FPV simulators such as DRL, Liftoff and velocidrone. Once you get a hang of it in the sim, you should have no problem flying the Cetus micro drone in the house.

Once you outgrow the Cetus drone, consider upgrading to the Emax TinyHawk II Freestyle, it’s great value and flies pretty well. At this point you will have a perfectly functional FPV setup and a well perform micro quad for outdoor flying.

HOWEVER, the problem with RTF kits like these, as good as they are – is that the goggles and the radio controller lack features and are relatively low quality. They work, but won’t give you the full experience. And you will probably soon outgrow them, meaning you will probably end up spending money again. If you have the budget and are confident that you will stay in the hobby, buy the best possible goggles and radio you can afford, so you don’t need to replace them later.


Building From Scratch or Buy Pre-Built?

Almost everyone flies a 5″ drone at some point in their FPV career, because it just flies SO GOOD! You have two options:

  • Build your own FPV drone
  • Buy a ready-to-fly FPV drone

If building a quadcopter from scratch sounds too challenging, there’s an abundance of choice for ready-to-fly quads that perform extremely well. However I do recommend building your first drone for the following reasons:

  • The skills and knowledge you will learn from building your own FPV drone can enable you to diagnose, repair and upgrade your FPV drone later on
  • Every pilot has specific needs, you can get exactly what you are looking for from picking your own parts

There are now DIY kits, which has everything for you to build. These kits tend to be the lowest quality, but they are also the cheapest and enough to get you started with learning how to build and fly, this is perhaps adequate if you want to spend the absolute minimum. But if you want quality, you should get the parts separately from my recommendations.

You could buy a BnF (bind and fly) that’s already built, and ideally, tuned as well! All you need to do is bind it to your radio, and go. I generally prefer buying BnF’s, and modifying them to suit my needs better or improving them. It saves time from building your own. But almost no BnF is perfect, and the closer they are to perfect, the more you pay, eventually. And, if you break it… you’re going to need to take it apart anyways, and solder, and learn how to fix, and so on… So even if you buy a BnF… eventually, you’ll probably have to learn how to build.

For these reasons, I would recommend building your first quad. Once you know the in’s and out’s, you can then do whatever you want :)

Whether you are buying a pre-built drone or building it yourself, you should make a shopping list, and have it checked by someone experienced. If you want some advice on selecting components, ask on my forum IntoFPV forum. We have a wealth of experienced pilots and are always ready to welcome new members and answer questions.


Parts and Equipment

Must reads:

Here is the anatomy of an FPV drone:

fpv drone anatomy hardware components

An FPV drone consists of the following parts, I have a buyer’s guide for each component:

how to build fpv drone components parts

Additionally you will also need the following equipment to fly your quadcopter in FPV:

When starting out you can get by with just a few basic tools, just to name a few:

  • Soldering iron and solder
  • A set of hex drivers or Allen keys (sizes dependent on your frame choice)
  • An M5 (8mm) nut spinner or ratchet for your propeller nut (or you can just use your big pliers)
  • Wire Cutters
  • Cable ties
  • Electrical Tape
  • Multimeter
  • Smoke stopper

There are many other useful tools you can consider to have which will make building and repairing your quads more enjoyable!

Choosing Parts

This can be tough for your first build. If you are not sure what to get, it’s a good idea to get what’s popular so if you run into problems, there are more people who might have the answer. Do your research and if in doubt, ask on our IntoFPV forum!

Take a look at the gear I use and quads I fly, this might give you some ideas.

Getting LiPo Batteries and Charger

For LiPo batteries, typically a 4S 1500mah on a 5″ drone would give you 5 to 7 minutes of flight time. You can start with a set of 4 batteries for practicing, but you will probably need more later on as you improve and want to fly longer.

Getting a Backpack

Get a backpack designed specifically for carrying your drones and all your gear for flying: https://oscarliang.com/product-3brn

Software Setup

After finishing your build, you’d want to configure the drone before flight. There are two components you want to configure, the flight controller and the ESC. You will need to download two different software to configure them because they are running different firmware.

I have tutorials that dive into detail how to do software setup, just do a search on my blog, or follow instructions in one of my build guides. For example this guide for Betaflight: https://oscarliang.com/betaflight-firmware-setup/

The most popular flight controller firmware is Betaflight, and the most popular ESC firmware is BLHeli_S or BLHeli_32 depends on the hardware you have. You can’t go wrong with these choices. Anyway here I will give you an overview of the firmware we use in the hobby.

FC Firmware

There are quite a few flight controller firmware available for FPV drone, but it doesn’t matter, just use Betaflight – this is probably what 95% (just a guess) of the people in the hobby use. It’s free, open source, performs very well and being updated frequently. It supports virtually every flight controller available on the market (or should I say most FC are made for Betaflight?). Apart from freestyle and racing, Betaflight has added features geared for long range.

KISS (close source) is another popular firmware that is very easy to setup and flies very well. You will need to purchase KISS specific hardware to use their firmware.

iNAV (open source) is very popular with long-range and autonomous flyers. They do not support as many flight controllers.

I also have to mention Cleanflight. Betaflight branched off from Cleanflight and Cleanflight slowly disappeared.

ESC Firmware

Every ESC has its own processor and there is “ESC firmware” running on it. The language spoken between the flight controller and ESC’s are called “ESC Protocol”.

The most popular firmware which runs on 99% of all FPV quad ESCs are either BLHeli_S or BLHeli32. BLHeli32 is newer of the two, and uses a faster processor. Flight performance wise, there is very little difference, but BLHeli32 is more future proof.

The main ESC protocol used today are DShot, more specifically, DShot300 and DShot600, with the number indicating the speed of the protocol.

Check out this post to learn more about ESC firmware and protocols.

How Does FPV Drone Work?

The Pilot controls the drone using a radio controller which has two joysticks. The stick commands are sent wirelessly to the radio receiver installed inside the drone.

The flight controller takes commands from radio receiver, combines with data from the gyro sensor, and calculate what speed each motor should move

The ESC converts this signal from the FC, and controls how fast the motors should spin, in order to generate the correct thrust desired.

A drone is normally powered by a LiPo battery.

FPV System Explained

In a nutshell, there are 4 main components in an FPV system:

  • FPV Camera
  • Video Transmitter (VTX)
  • FPV Goggles (with Video Receiver)
  • Antennas

There is a camera connected to a VTX, and the VTX broadcasts the video feed wirelessly to a VRX which is either built into the FPV goggles, or added to them as an external module.

Inside the FPV drone, there are a camera and a video transmitter (VTX).

Analog vs Digital FPV Systems

There are now two main systems for FPV drones – analog, and DJI (digital). DJI offers 720p 120fps HD video, while analog video quality is noticeably worse with static and breakups throughout your flight.

I really enjoy flying DJI’s HD Digtial FPV System (review) since its release back in 2019. The video is so much clearer and sharper, there is no breakup, and signal is more robust against multi-pathing interference. The range is actually comparable to analogue if not better.

This is a DVR video recorded in my DJI FPV goggles, and it’s what I was watching in my FPV goggles:

Despite lower image quality, analog still offers some advantages such as low cost and the consistent and lower latency which is preferred by hardcore racers. Also analog allows much smaller VTX and antennas, making it more suitable for smaller size FPV drones like Tiny whoops.

And DJI’s FPV system is still not as good as action cameras, so if you are looking for the best possible image quality, you will still need to mount an extra HD camera on top of the drone, such as the GoPro, or Insta360 GO 2.

Yes, DJI is not cheap, especially for those who already own the analogue setup, I don’t blame them for being reluctant to replace everything, but if you are just starting, you should seriously consider the DJI FPV setup :)

FPV Frequency

5.8GHz (5800MHz) is the frequency band that we commonly use for broadcasting the video feed. The frequency we use for radio control is on 2.4GHz, so there is little interference.

Typically video transmitters and receivers support 40 channels or more. This allows multiple people flying at the same time. Spectators can also tune into FPV drones and watch the actions.

If you crash, you should unplug the battery as soon as you pick it up. If you walk back to your seat with the quad powered on, it will interfere your buddy’s video signal if they are still flying (because your transmitter is now much closer to your friend’s receiver than their own quad is).

Stay line of sight for best signal

To ensure you have the best possible signal your VTX antenna should be within the line of sight of the VRX antenna at all times.

When you fly behind a tree, or a hill, your signal will get weaker or even drop completely as you are outside of the Fresnel Zone. When this happens you might have video breakup or static on the screen. The problem becomes more pronounced with higher transmission frequencies. That’s why your 2.4GHz radio signal normally has longer range than your 5.8GHz video feed (given the same power and same antenna gains).

Remember that since most mini quad frames are made of carbon fibre, it helps to mount your antennas as far away from the frame as possible to avoid getting blocked (not just frame, but any electronic components for that matter such as your HD camera). Antenna positioning and placement are key.

How to Get Those Beautiful FPV Footage?

You just watched a surreal video on Youtube, and you are wondering how that guy captured those high quality footage.

DVR footage from an analog feed is far from 1080p HD quality, let alone 4K quality. Most of the beautiful footage you see online is usually recorded with a separate HD camera.

The most popular way is to put a GoPro (or similar camera) on the drone with a 3D printed TPU mount. You can also use an FPV camera system like the Runcam Split or Caddx Tarsier, that can record HD videos at the same time.

Lastly, the new kid in town is going digital with the DJI FPV system.  With the DJI system, you are seeing HD FPV feed and record in 720p which is still far better than analogue.

Learning How to Fly FPV Drones

Some might assume they have to become really good at flying LOS (line of sight) before they try FPV, but this isn’t necessarily the case.

LOS and FPV are two very different ways of flying. However, it is tremendously useful to be able to control your quad in line of sight. Remember that your FPV system can fail, so having at least some skill at LOS flying will help you get your craft back in control in an emergency. Once you start to feel comfortable with how to move the quad around in line of sight, you can move on to FPV. With that said, this is just a safe way to go, you can start FPV without ever flying in line of sight, it’s all up to you.

Finally, I cannot stress enough how useful FPV simulators are. They really help beginners pick up the basic skills needed very quickly. Sims can dramatically reduce the cost of broken parts as well due to trying maneuvers or tricks that are beyond your capability and just other pilot errors. Here is a list of popular FPV simulators.

It takes time to relate what you learn on a simulator to an FPV drone in real life. Don’t worry it might take a few days, then it will just click and all of a sudden the sky becomes your oyster!

Here is an article about learning FPV flying, and here are some motivation and advice on learning how to fly FPV.

Don’t Fly Auto-Level Mode

If all you want to fly is a DJI camera drone, or other GPS assisted multirotors, auto level is perfect and it’s fine to just fly like that. But if you want to get into racing and freestyle flying, you have to learn to fly in acro mode. The one exception is flying Tiny Whoop indoors, they are actually flown in angle mode most of the times. That’s why a Tiny Whoop flying indoors is not the best way to learn acro mode.

This article explains the differences between acro mode (rate mode) and self-level mode.

Acro mode might seem hard at first, but once you have learned it you are free to control your quad exactly how you want it. Betaflight has an Acro Trainer mode that will help you get used to Acro without the ability to flip or spin out of control.

Auto level is like a pair of crutches, great if you can’t balance yourself, but try using them while running a 100m sprint! Once you have learned acro mode, auto level will feel like a hindrance, it can also teach bad habits which can be difficult to shake.

While learning how to fly in a simulator, you should also start doing research on quadcopter parts, and plan your build. Move on to the next section to learn more about parts and equipment.

Attending Meetup and Race Events

As you arrive at the FPV site, first thing you want to do is to work out who is using which video transmitter channel.

DO NOT power on your quad before you get your video channel confirmed, especially when there are other people in the air!

When 2 quads are on the same VTX channel, or when frequencies are too close to each other, one can disrupt the video feed of the other. Interference on 5.8GHz frequency can cause accidents because the image in the goggles can disappear entirely while flying, leaving a pilot “blind”.

Always warn other pilots before you power on your quad.

Even if you are not on the same channel, some low quality VTX can emit power through the whole spectrum on start-up and changing channels. This can cause a split second of interference to everyone else.

Alternatively you can always switch on your video receiver first, and check which channels are being used before you switch on your video transmitter.

With proper equipment and frequency management, normally up to 8 people can fly at the same time, but typically 4 pilots is more common for an interference free race.

Safety Rules for Flying FPV Drones

Safety should always come first.

Remember that these racing mini quads are really FAST and powerful! They can cause some nasty injuries to people and animals, and damage to property. We have zero tolerance for people ignoring safety rules, because it does not only affect the pilot and victim, but also the reputation of this hobby.

  • Check your local rules and regulations regarding FPV, RC and Model Flying in general
  • Buy Insurance!
  • Get a spotter, or a fly buddy!
  • Choose your flying location sensibly
  • Never fly too close to or above people and animals
  • Disconnect battery immediately after picking up the crashed quad
  • Do not try to catch a multicopter in mid-air
  • Never use damaged LiPo, and dispose of LiPo battery properly

Please also read about this article that explains FPV safety in a bit more detail.

Edit History

  • Sept 2015 – Article Created
  • Dec 2016 – Article revised, added “The Origin of Drone Racing and the Types of Drones”
  • May 2017 – Added “Buy a Radio First and Learn How To Fly”
  • Aug 2017 – Updated
  • Apr 2019 – Updated
  • Aug 2020 – Rewritten
  • Apr 2021 – Merged with FPV system guide

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28 comments

James Grayson 18th July 2021 - 8:15 pm

hey oscar
ive been try to just link/bind with no luck, its become so frustrating that ive become exasperated with people trying to help and i know that’s not right, now its seems no-one will touch my problem, i’m really not unreasonable, but why in the world is this so damn difficult? never flown even a moment!
I have the freybott lumeniere and all the stuff to get it going, but I am just stuck and unbelievably humbled at my stupidity!

Reply
Oscar 19th July 2021 - 12:44 am

What radio system are you using?
Also try joining our forum, lots of helpful people over there: https://intofpv.com

Reply
Fiippo 5th July 2020 - 12:00 am

I am new to FPVAnd I boughtAQX7S In do not know the first thing about setting it up,Let alone what switches to add.I have watched play YouTube videos But they did not help me any.Please help me becauseI am tired of using the controller is drawn as a paperweight.

Reply
Oscar 8th July 2020 - 11:03 pm

Join our forum if you have any questions, tons of helpful and friendly people there. https://Intofpv.com
How to setup switches: How to Setup Switches in OpenTX Mixer/Inputs (Taranis, Nirvana, T16)

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Sanskar Agarwal 27th January 2020 - 7:58 pm

Very beautifully explained!!
Language is clear!!

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Bon 11th May 2019 - 4:01 pm

Just check UKs OFCOM website and looks like the Ham radio license thing for over 25mw is not a thing :(

“There is a belief that the use of higher power equipment can be authorised by applying for an Amateur Radio licence. This is wrong. Amateur Radio licence expressly prohibits use in any aircraft or airborne vehicle. This restriction is not relaxed for radio-controlled models, airplanes and balloons.”

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Hadi 24th December 2018 - 5:13 am

Thanks for sharing and keep updating this post oscar
really a lot of useful information here before we as a beginners to start

Thanks!

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signsmile 12th September 2018 - 2:10 am

Hi Oscar
very good article, thank you!

Me and my friends are just starting with Drone and we need a lot of knowledge regarding to how to choose, how to play……
I want to translate the articles into Chinese to share with my friends.
is it allowable or not?

I’m just starting getting into drone flying and racing and this is a great article for beginners!

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Oscar 18th September 2018 - 5:51 pm

That’s okay as long as you link back to the original article at the beginning of your translation :)
cheers.

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signsmile 21st September 2018 - 2:02 am

Thanks a lot Oscar!

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cam 1st August 2018 - 8:16 pm

just found your blog today and it already helped me with so meany of my questions

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Hitesh Kher 24th July 2018 - 2:15 pm

mind blowing article i was never seen this type detailed website or article , i am very proud you sir.

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Jim 5th April 2018 - 9:34 pm

Thanks so much for the info! You may wish to include a link to the Academy of Model Aeronautics (www.modelaircraft.org). Joining this national group offers liability insurance plus political lobbying for your dues. Well worth the money! There are many more benefits as well.

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Francis 6th March 2018 - 12:10 pm

very good article, thank you!

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William B. 6th December 2017 - 8:07 am

Amazing article. I’m just starting getting into drone flying and racing and this is a great article for beginners!

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Frans Stoopman 24th October 2017 - 11:57 pm

Hello Oscar, I have a beecore F3 EVO board with a spectrum dx6 transmitter, I can see all the menus and adjust values in cleanflight. But I cannot see the motor menu. I can see the receiver menu and the bars move with the transmitter movement. When I plug in the motors they just run up and I have no control over them. The low throttle value is set at 500 to see if that would stop the motors but it does not. Do you have any suggestions on how to fix this problem.
kind regards Frans

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David Knapp 23rd September 2017 - 9:42 pm

Looks like the link to “How to choose mini quad motors” is incorrect as it ends up linking to a glossary page. Looks like the correct url is: https://oscarliang.com/quadcopter-motor-propeller/

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Oscar 24th September 2017 - 4:28 pm

thank you so much for the correction!

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Doublebuck 17th August 2017 - 2:26 pm

Hi,

I am an older guy who saw his first FPV race and am interested in learning to fly a drone. I have been flying R/C planes for 30 years or so and have never flown an FPV drone. I have already bought a google/tx/rx/from a Chinese vendor and will hopefully try out the simulator programs on my IMAC before crashing my wallet and first drone (LOL). Thank you for your very complete article.

Ron

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Oscar 21st August 2017 - 2:43 pm

Thanks Ron, keep us updated :)
by the way here is a great forum worth joining and sharing your progress and asking questions: http://www.intofpv.com

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chris 10th July 2017 - 9:06 pm

This is an old thread so I’m hoping someone stumbles across it with an answer — my husband and I recently stumbled upon an ESPN special on drone racing and my husband’s eyes lit right up; he owns two drones that he flies both for work (aerial footage of solar arrays) and pleasure, so he has *some* experience, although I’m not sure how much that helps or does not help in this arena. Question is::: is there any way to gift him an experience, like one hour racing a drone through a “course,” much as you could purchase a Nascar driving experience, or does nothing like that exist (yet)? I’d love to do something like this for his birthday. Thanks!!

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Oscar 12th July 2017 - 4:05 pm

Hi Chris,
From what you described, it sounds like he’s already had some experienced with GPS assisted drones, which I am afraid to say, very different from the type of drones for racing.
To put it simply, it’s like for someone riding a bike with assisted wheels, and putting them on a unicycle LOL
But having some flight experience will definitely help him in flying a race drone.
It’s not cheap getting a whole Race drone setup though, and you don’t know if he likes the things you get.
I would suggest getting a drone racing simulator, and a proper radio transmitter that he can use for the simulator, such as the Frsky Taranis QX7 or X9D Plus. He can use the exact same radio for his drone in the future.
I would suggest to let him do the research on an actual drone, then plan and buy the parts by himself. You would end up with a much better quality/value product, that he personally likes :)

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chris 13th July 2017 - 2:10 pm

Thank you for responding! Sounds like there’s no such thing as renting a racing drone and/or buying a racing experience just for the day/couple hours. I’m not looking to buy him a racing drone myself, for all of the points you brought up, just to get him a sort of “test” experience. But if/when he’s ready to do that on his own, this is certainly a great starting point. Thanks again!

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Oscar 16th July 2017 - 3:04 pm

No, there is no racing drone renting services yet as far as i know :)
But the closest thing is to find a local drone racing club, and join them for a session to see how things work, and possibly to get them let you have a go on their drones LOL :D Although people would normally be very reluctant to do that for beginners who’s had no previous drone racing experience.

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Gryffin 9th December 2016 - 4:59 am

Good writeup, a thought would be that the nighthawk etc are becoming outdated, and now you can buy good arf racing quads (not sure which in particular, but there have been a few lately which are a very good price/quality and are prebuilt).

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Edgar 5th June 2016 - 8:44 am

I Oscar, I found a small but interesting typo: 70 miles/hour = 110Km/hour (not 11) ;)

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Oscar 5th June 2016 - 9:59 pm

LOL you are right :) thank you for pointing it out!

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Rui Garcia 11th October 2015 - 6:43 pm

As someone else has said
to finish first, first you have to finish

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